Nectar discovery speeds and multimodal displays: assessing nectar search times in bees with radiating and non-radiating guides

Floral displays are often composed of areas of contrasting stimuli which flower visitors use as guides, increasing both foraging efficiency and the likelihood of pollen transfer. Many aspects of how these displays benefit foraging efficiency are still unexplored, particularly those surrounding multimodal signals and the spatial arrangement of the display… CONTINUE READING