Nearby Nature

  title={Nearby Nature},
  author={Nancy M. Wells and Gary W. Evans},
  journal={Environment and Behavior},
  pages={311 - 330}
Identifying mechanisms that buffer children from life's stress and adversity is an important empirical and practical concern. This study focuses on nature as a buffer of life stress among rural children. To examine whether vegetation near the residential environment might buffer or moderate the impact of stressful life events on children's psychological well-being, data were collected from 337 rural children in Grades 3 through 5 (mean age=9.2 years). Dependent variables include a standard… 

Nature as a Moderator of Stress in Urban Children

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There were significant associations between children's ratings of mental health and "Feel Bad" scores, and the rank orders of items by different subgroups were highly correlated.

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Overall, premature LBW children born into conditions of poverty have a very poor prognosis of functioning within normal ranges across all the dimensions of health and development assessed, however, those raised in a setting with 3 or more protective factors were more likely to show early signs of resiliency.

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Considerable evidence suggests that exposure to “green” environments can enhance human effectiveness and make life’s demands seem manageable. Does this phenomenon extend to poor inner cities, where


Children growing up in the inner city are at risk of academic underachievement, juvenile delinquency, teenage pregnancy, and other important negative outcomes. Avoiding these outcomes requires

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Increasing numbers of children in the United States live in housing that is considered substandard. However, there is little understanding of the long-term impact of such housing for children. Using

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