Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had similar auditory and speech capacities.

@article{CondeValverde2021NeanderthalsAH,
  title={Neanderthals and Homo sapiens had similar auditory and speech capacities.},
  author={Mercedes Conde-Valverde and Ignacio Mart{\'i}nez and Rolf M. Quam and Manuel Rosa and Alex Velez and Carlos Lorenzo and Pilar Jarabo and Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro and Eudald Carbonell and Juan Luis Arsuaga},
  journal={Nature ecology \& evolution},
  year={2021}
}
The study of audition in fossil hominins is of great interest given its relationship with intraspecific vocal communication. While the auditory capacities have been studied in early hominins and in the Middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos hominins, less is known about the hearing abilities of the Neanderthals. Here, we provide a detailed approach to their auditory capacities. Relying on computerized tomography scans and a comprehensive model from the field of auditory bioengineering, we have… 

Neanderthal, Sapiens, and chimpanzee mandibles: a comparative study in relation to articulated speech

TLDR
Data derived from the results of the study of theMandibular condyle, the inner surface of the mandibular body, and the chin suggest that Homo neanderthalensis speech was different from that of modern humans.

The cranial base and related internal anatomical features in Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens

TLDR
The comparative morphology of external, endocranial, and internal characteristics of the cranium is described, with a focus on the petrous and tympanic portions of the temporal bone.

Did the Neanderthals Produce Complex Speech?

Purpose: Paleoanthropologists link the discovery of the modern human-like hyoid bone (HB) in Neanderthal skeleton remains at Kebara Cave (Israel) as the pivotal evolutionary step associated with

Hearing loss genes reveal patterns of adaptive evolution at the coding and non-coding levels in mammals

TLDR
The results indicate that the key inner ear genes and regulatory regions underwent adaptive evolution in the basal branch of mammals and along the human-specific branch, suggesting that they could have played an important role in the functional remodeling of the cochlea.

Language, Childhood, and Fire: How We Learned to Love Sharing Stories

  • G. Lauer
  • Psychology
    Frontiers in Psychology
  • 2021
Stories do not fossilize. Thus, exploring tales shared during prehistory, the longest part of human history inevitably becomes speculative. Nevertheless, various attempts have been made to find a

Language evolution is not limited to speech acquisition: a large study of language development in children with language deficits highlights the importance of the voluntary imagination component of language

Did the boy bite the cat or was it the other way around? When processing a sentence with several objects, one has to establish ‘who did what to whom’. When a sentence cannot be interpreted by

Crania Canaria 2.0: construyendo una colección virtual de cráneos

TLDR
This work presents an easy methodology for obtaining digital imagery using a 3D surface scanner, which allows constructing a virtual skull collection comprising more than 400 individuals, not only improving research but also permitting the re-evaluation of old paradigms.

Humans, Neanderthals, robots and rights

Robots are becoming more visible parts of our life, a situation which prompts questions about their place in our society. One group of issues that is widely discussed is connected with robots’ moral

If it Looks Like a Human and Speaks Like a Human ... Dialogue and Cooperation in Human-Robot Interactions

This paper presents the results of a behavioral experiment conducted between February 2020 and March 2021 at UniversitA Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan Campus, in which students were matched with

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES

Auditory capacities in Middle Pleistocene humans from the Sierra de Atapuerca in Spain.

TLDR
A comprehensive physical model is used to analyze the influence of skeletal structures on the acoustic filtering of the outer and middle ears in five fossil human specimens from the Middle Pleistocene site of the Sima de los Huesos in the Sierra de Atapuerca of Spain to suggest that they already had auditory capacities similar to those of living humans in this frequency range.

Early hominin auditory capacities

TLDR
This work has studied the anatomy of the outer and middle ear in the early hominin taxa Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus robustus and estimated their auditory capacities and suggests that the earlyhominin auditory pattern may have facilitated an increased emphasis on short-range vocal communication in open habitats.

Loss of air sacs improved hominin speech abilities.

  • Bart de Boer
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of human evolution
  • 2012

Postcranial morphology of the middle Pleistocene humans from Sima de los Huesos, Spain

TLDR
The postcranial evidence is consistent with the hypothesis based on the cranial morphology that the SH hominins are a sister group to the later Neandertals, and the full suite of Ne andertal-derived features is not yet present in the SH population.

New insights into differences in brain organization between Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans

TLDR
It is argued that, in the case of Neanderthals and AMHs, differences in the size of the body and visual system imply differences in organization between the same-sized brains of these two taxa, and possible implications of differing brain organization in terms of social cognition are discussed.

The potential Neandertal vowel space was as large as that of modern humans

TLDR
Using a new anthropomorphic articulatory model, it is inferred that the vowel space of the Neandertal male was no smaller than that of a modern human, and vowel simulations are presented to corroborate this hypothesis.

Morphology and function of Neandertal and modern human ear ossicles

TLDR
An analysis of the largest sample of Neandertal ossicles to date, including many previously unknown specimens, covering a wide geographic and temporal range, finds striking morphological differences between ossicle morphology and tympanic cavity architecture of AMHs and Ne andertals.
...