Neanderthal extinction and modern human behaviour: the role of climate change and clothing

@article{Gilligan2007NeanderthalEA,
  title={Neanderthal extinction and modern human behaviour: the role of climate change and clothing},
  author={Ian Gilligan},
  journal={World Archaeology},
  year={2007},
  volume={39},
  pages={499 - 514}
}
  • I. Gilligan
  • Published 1 December 2007
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • World Archaeology
Abstract Thermal considerations can help resolve two of the most challenging problems in later Palaeolithic archaeology – the demise of Neanderthals and the emergence of modern human behaviour. Both can be viewed as reflecting interactions between biological and behavioural cold adaptations, in the context of extreme climatic fluctuations during the Upper Pleistocene. Recent studies draw attention to the special difficulties these conditions posed for humans but few give sufficient regard to… 

The Prehistoric Development of Clothing: Archaeological Implications of a Thermal Model

This paper presents a thermal model for the prehistoric origin and development of clothing. A distinction is drawn between simple and complex forms of clothing, with broad implications for the

From hominins to humans: how sapiens became behaviourally modern

  • K. Sterelny
  • Psychology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2011
It is argued that the model is evolutionarily plausible: the elements of the model can be assembled incrementally, without implausible selective scenarios, and the model coheres with the broad palaeoarchaeological record.

How Did Hominins Adapt to Ice Age Europe without Fire?

Analyses of archaeological material recovered from several Middle Paleolithic sites in southwest France have provided strong corroborating data on Neanderthal use of fire. Both direct and indirect

The Emergence of Humanity

  • R. Ligrone
  • Biology
    Biological Innovations that Built the World
  • 2019
Culture accumulation and donated culture triggered cultural niche construction, the development of a continuously expanding environment, partly physical and partly cognitive and social, which was the main driver in the evolution of modern humans (Homo sapiens).

Aspects of human physical and behavioural evolution during the last 1 million years

This paper reviews some of the main advances in our understanding of human evolution over the last 1 million years, presenting a holistic overview of a field defined by interdisciplinary approaches

A functional approach to Paleolithic open-air habitation structures

  • W. Chu
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2009
Abstract Advances in hominin bioenergetics and paleoclimate reconstructions suggest that morphology was an insufficient buffer against the cool climate of Pleistocene Europe. To maintain homeostasis,

A Major Change in Rate of Climate Niche Envelope Evolution during Hominid History

Behavioral Modernity in Retrospect

This paper reviews the debate about behavioral modernity in our species, listing counterexamples to the thesis that there was a dramatic change to the minds of Cro-Magnon sapiens in Europe in the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES

Clothing and modern human behaviour: prehistoric Tasmania as a case study

Abstract A general model is outlined showing how the prehistoric development of clothing for thermal reasons may be relevant to the emergence of modern human behaviour. A distinction is drawn between

THE UPPER PALEOLITHIC REVOLUTION

■ Abstract The transition from the Middle Paleolithic to the Upper Paleolithic is considered one of the major revolutions in the prehistory of humankind. Explanations of the observable archaeological

Symbolic Revolutions and the Australian Archaeological Record

Australia was colonized by at least 40,000 bp and scientists agree that the continent was only ever occupied by anatomically and behaviourally modern humans. Australia thus offers an alternative

Climatic Changes, Paleogeography, and the Evolution of the Neandertals

  • J. Hublin
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2002
Mainly because of historical reasons, Europe has provided the largest series of Middle and Upper Pleistocene hominids. Many of the sites which yielded these specimens can be placed in a reliable

Things to do in Doggerland when you're dead: surviving OIS3 at the northwestern-most fringe of Middle Palaeolithic Europe

  • M. White
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2006
Abstract This paper examines Neanderthal survival skills in Britain. Its starting point is that there are major tensions between the three main sources of relevant information – archaeological,

Ahead of the Game: Middle and Upper Palaeolithic Hunting Behaviors in the Southern Caucasus

Over the past several decades a variety of models have been proposed to explain perceived behavioral and cognitive differences between Neanderthals and modern humans. A key element in many of these

Another Tasmanian paradox : clothing and thermal adaptations in aboriginal Australia

This work explores the nature and extent of the use of clothing in the pre-colonial Australian Aboriginal population. Anthropological reviews have indicated that while a total absence of clothing was

Why not the Neandertals?

Evidence is presented from skeletal anatomy, mitochondrial DNA, morphology and genetics of speech and the archaeology of the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition in Europe that directly contradicts all of the elements in this replacement scenario.

The invisible frontier. A multiple species model for the origin of behavioral modernity

A variant of this model sees behavioral modernity resulting from a rapid biological change, a brain mutation producing no apparent change in skull anatomy, which occurred in Europe or, more probably, in Africa at ca.

Neandertal cold adaptation: Physiological and energetic factors

European Neandertals employed a complex set of physiological cold defenses, homologous to those seen in contemporary humans and nonhuman primates, and a major, high‐energy metabolic adaptation facilitated by modest amounts of highly thermogenic brown adipose tissue (BAT) is proposed.
...