Neanderthal behaviour, diet, and disease inferred from ancient DNA in dental calculus

@article{Weyrich2017NeanderthalBD,
  title={Neanderthal behaviour, diet, and disease inferred from ancient DNA in dental calculus},
  author={L. Weyrich and S. Duch{\^e}ne and J. Soubrier and Luis A. Arriola and B. Llamas and J. Breen and A. Morris and K. Alt and David Caramelli and Veit Dresely and M. Farrell and A. Farrer and M. Francken and N. Gully and W. Haak and K. Hardy and K. Harvati and P. Held and E. Holmes and J. Kaidonis and C. Lalueza-Fox and M. Rasilla and A. Rosas and P. Semal and Arkadiusz Sołtysiak and G. Townsend and D. Usai and J. Wahl and D. Huson and K. Dobney and A. Cooper},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2017},
  volume={544},
  pages={357-361}
}
Recent genomic data have revealed multiple interactions between Neanderthals and modern humans, but there is currently little genetic evidence regarding Neanderthal behaviour, diet, or disease. Here we describe the shotgun-sequencing of ancient DNA from five specimens of Neanderthal calcified dental plaque (calculus) and the characterization of regional differences in Neanderthal ecology. At Spy cave, Belgium, Neanderthal diet was heavily meat based and included woolly rhinoceros and wild sheep… Expand
210 Citations
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