Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? A Critical Review of the Evidence and Its Interpretation1

  title={Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? A Critical Review of the Evidence and Its Interpretation1},
  author={Francesco d’Errico and Jo{\~a}o Zilh{\~a}o and Mich{\`e}le Julien and Dominique Baffier and Jacques Pelegrin},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={S1 - S44}
The presence of bone tools, personal ornaments, and apparently “modern” stone tools in European late Middle Paleolithic or pre‐Aurignacian Paleolithic contexts is generally interpreted as the result of the acculturation of final Neanderthal populations by anatomically modern humans. Analysis of the stratigraphic, chronological, and archaeological data from the key site of Grotte du Renne (Arcy‐sur‐Cure, France) shows that the notion of acculturation, as commonly understood, is inconsistent with… 
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