Neandertals and moderns mixed, and it matters

  title={Neandertals and moderns mixed, and it matters},
  author={Jo{\~a}o Zilh{\~a}o},
  journal={Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues},
  • J. Zilhão
  • Published 1 September 2006
  • Geography
  • Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues
Twenty‐five years ago, the Middle‐to‐Upper Paleolithic transition in Europe could be represented as a straightforward process subsuming both the emergence of symbolic behavior and the replacement of Neandertals by modern humans. The Aurignacian was a proxy for the latter, during which enhanced cognitive capabilities explained ornaments and art. The few instances of Neandertal symbolism were deemed to long postdate contact and dismissed as “imitation without understanding,” if not geological… 
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