Neandertal DNA Sequences and the Origin of Modern Humans

@article{Krings1997NeandertalDS,
  title={Neandertal DNA Sequences and the Origin of Modern Humans},
  author={Matthias Krings and Francesca Cavallari and Ralf W. Schmitz and Heike Krainitzki and M. Stoneking and Svante P{\"a}{\"a}bo},
  journal={Cell},
  year={1997},
  volume={90},
  pages={19-30}
}
DNA was extracted from the Neandertal-type specimen found in 1856 in western Germany. By sequencing clones from short overlapping PCR products, a hitherto unknown mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequence was determined. Multiple controls indicate that this sequence is endogenous to the fossil. Sequence comparisons with human mtDNA sequences, as well as phylogenetic analyses, show that the Neandertal sequence falls outside the variation of modern humans. Furthermore, the age of the common ancestor of the… CONTINUE READING
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