Navigation at the spine.

  title={Navigation at the spine.},
  author={Florian T Gebhard and Andreas Weidner and Ulrich C. Liener and U. St{\"o}ckle and Markus Arand},
  volume={35 Suppl 1},
Computer aided and computer navigated operative techniques have been used for the first time in neurosurgery and surgery of the spine. For computer aided surgery of the spine there are currently two different methods: CT-based and C-arm based techniques. The advantage of the CT-based technique is its accuracy especially in difficult anatomical regions like the cervical and upper thoracic spine, and the possibility of preoperative planning. The advantage of C-arm navigation is the broad… CONTINUE READING


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