Navigating the multiple meanings of β diversity: a roadmap for the practicing ecologist.

@article{Anderson2011NavigatingTM,
  title={Navigating the multiple meanings of $\beta$ diversity: a roadmap for the practicing ecologist.},
  author={Marti J. Anderson and Thomas O. Crist and Jonathan M. Chase and Mark Vellend and Brian D. Inouye and Amy L Freestone and Nathan J. Sanders and Howard V. Cornell and Liza S. Comita and Kendi F. Davies and Susan P. Harrison and Nathan J B Kraft and James C. Stegen and Nathan G. Swenson},
  journal={Ecology letters},
  year={2011},
  volume={14 1},
  pages={
          19-28
        }
}
A recent increase in studies of β diversity has yielded a confusing array of concepts, measures and methods. Here, we provide a roadmap of the most widely used and ecologically relevant approaches for analysis through a series of mission statements. We distinguish two types of β diversity: directional turnover along a gradient vs. non-directional variation. Different measures emphasize different properties of ecological data. Such properties include the degree of emphasis on presence/absence vs… Expand
Temporal β diversity—A macroecological perspective
Issue: Biodiversity change, that is how the taxonomic identities and abundances of species in ecological systems are changing over time, has two facets: temporal α diversity and temporal β diversity.Expand
Biodiversity Patterns along Ecological Gradients: Unifying β-Diversity Indices
TLDR
This work proposes a simple logistic transformation that rids beta-diversity indices of their mathematical constraints, thus eliminating the possibility of an uninterpretable regression curve and believes this method can help unify the study of biodiversity patterns along ecological gradients. Expand
Measuring more of β-diversity: Quantifying patterns of variation in assemblage heterogeneity. An insight from marine benthic assemblages
Abstract β-Diversity is currently receiving increasing attention, after being neglected for a long time, especially in marine environments. Recent works introduced the distinction within β-diversityExpand
A protocol for the analysis of aquatic biodiversity by multiple β diversities
Species assemblage can be fairly unstable in aquatic ecosystems because of strong environmental constraints. Measuring β diversity is one of the most useful tools for assessing community dynamics andExpand
Mapping the imprint of biotic interactions on β-diversity.
TLDR
A statistical method is applied for inferring the strength of spatial dependencies between pairs of species groups and it is shown that this method can approximate biotic interactions in multi-trophic communities based on β-diversity patterns across groups. Expand
SOUNDING The spatial scaling of beta diversity
Beta diversity is an important concept used to describe turnover in species composition across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales, and it underpins much of conservation theory and practice.Expand
Embracing scale-dependence to achieve a deeper understanding of biodiversity and its change across communities.
TLDR
A synthesis of methods based on rarefaction curves that allow more explicit analyses of spatial and sampling effects on biodiversity comparisons are described, using a case study of nutrient additions in experimental ponds to illustrate how this multi-dimensional and multi-scale perspective informs the responses of biodiversity to ecological drivers. Expand
Embracing scale-dependence to achieve a deeper understanding of biodiversity and its change across communities
TLDR
A synthesis of methods based on rarefaction curves that allow more explicit analyses of spatial and sampling effects on biodiversity comparisons are described, and a case study of nutrient additions in experimental ponds is used to illustrate how this multi-dimensional and multi-scale perspective informs the responses of biodiversity to ecological drivers. Expand
Subtle Ecological Gradient in the Tropics Triggers High Species-Turnover in a Local Geographical Scale
TLDR
Investigating the diversity and structure of a tropical community of herbivorous beetles at a reduced local scale of some 10 km2, evaluating the effect of a small, gradual ecological change on this structure and suggesting environmental heterogeneity as the dominant force shaping diversity at such small scale, directly and indirectly on the plant communities. Expand
Context dependency in biodiversity patterns of stream metacommunities
Context dependency is a key challenge emerging in metacommunity ecology, which is hindering the development of general ecological theories. River networks and other dendritic systems provide uniqueExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 108 REFERENCES
Measuring beta diversity for presence–absence data
Summary 1. Little consensus has been reached as to general features of spatial variation in beta diversity, a fundamental component of species diversity. This could reflect a genuine lack of simpleExpand
An operational, additive framework for species diversity partitioning and beta-diversity analysis
1 An important goal of community ecology is the assessment of factors that are likely to influence the spatio-temporal distribution of species assemblages and diversity. Surprisingly, mostExpand
Do commonly used indices of β‐diversity measure species turnover?
TLDR
It is demonstrated that commonly-used indices of β-diversity based on Whittaker's βW do not take into account the distribution of species on spatial or environmental gradients, and should therefore not be used to measure species turnover. Expand
Are communities saturated? On the relationship between α, β and γ diversity
TLDR
Using the concepts of α, β and γ diversity, it is shown that local–regional richness curves are determined by the way total diversity is partitioned between its α and β components, which is a matter of scale. Expand
ANALYZING BETA DIVERSITY: PARTITIONING THE SPATIAL VARIATION OF COMMUNITY COMPOSITION DATA
Robert H. Whittaker defined beta diversity as the variation in species com- position among sites in a geographic area. Beta diversity is a key concept for understanding the functioning of ecosystems,Expand
ANALYZING OR EXPLAINING BETA DIVERSITY? COMMENT.
TLDR
The purpose of this Comment is to show that some predictions of Hubbell's neutral theory, especially the presence of positive autocorrelation, can be stated and tested using the raw-data approach, and the distance approach as proposed by TR is statistically flawed. Expand
Inventory, differentiation, and proportional diversity: a consistent terminology for quantifying species diversity
Almost half a century after Whittaker (Ecol Monogr 30:279–338, 1960) proposed his influential diversity concept, it is time for a critical reappraisal. Although the terms alpha, beta and gammaExpand
A diversity of beta diversities: straightening up a concept gone awry. Part 1. Defining beta diversity as a function of alpha and gamma diversity
TLDR
The present two-part review aims to put the different phenomena that have been called beta diversity into a common conceptual framework, and to explain what each of them measures. Expand
Analyzing or explaining beta diversity? Understanding the targets of different methods of analysis.
TLDR
It is argued that S. P. Hubbell's neutral theory can only be tested using the distance approach, because its testable predictions are stated in terms of distances, not in Terms of raw data, and should be viewed as complementary rather than alternative ways of analyzing data. Expand
Multivariate and univariate asymmetrical analyses in environmental impact assessment: a case study of Mediterranean subtidal sessile assemblages
TLDR
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the comparison of vari- ance components for the assessment of impacts and the use of recently developed multivariate methods (distance-based premutational MANOVA) in the analysis of multivariate species data in response to a complex asymmetrical design. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...