Navigating murky waters: a modern treatment algorithm for nipple discharge.

@article{Gray2007NavigatingMW,
  title={Navigating murky waters: a modern treatment algorithm for nipple discharge.},
  author={Richard Gray and Barbara A. Pockaj and Patricia J. Karstaedt},
  journal={American journal of surgery},
  year={2007},
  volume={194 6},
  pages={
          850-4; discussion 854-5
        }
}
BACKGROUND Many women with nipple discharge undergo operative duct excision with few actually having carcinoma. METHODS We reviewed all patients with nipple discharge at our institution from 2001 to 2005. Clinical findings were analyzed to determine an appropriate treatment algorithm. RESULTS Nipple discharge was present in 204 patients. Carcinoma was identified in 7 patients (3% of all, 9% of those undergoing biopsy). Age > or = 50 years, abnormal mammography, and abnormal sonography were… CONTINUE READING

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