Nature as Historical Protagonist: Environment and Society in Pre-Industrial England

  title={Nature as Historical Protagonist: Environment and Society in Pre-Industrial England},
  author={Bruce M. Campbell},
  journal={Economic History eJournal},
  • B. Campbell
  • Published 29 March 2010
  • Economics, History
  • Economic History eJournal
This article compares chronologies reconstructed from historical records of prices, wages, grain harvests, and population with corresponding chronologies of growing conditions and climatic variations derived from dendrochronology and Greenland ice-cores. It demonstrates that in pre-industrial, and especially late medieval, England, short-term environmental shocks and more enduring shifts in environmental conditions (sometimes acting in concert with biological agencies) exercised a powerful… 
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