Nature and health.

  title={Nature and health.},
  author={Terry Hartig and Richard Mitchell and Sjerp de Vries and Howard Frumkin},
  journal={Annual review of public health},
Urbanization, resource exploitation, and lifestyle changes have diminished possibilities for human contact with nature in urbanized societies. Concern about the loss has helped motivate research on the health benefits of contact with nature. Reviewing that research here, we focus on nature as represented by aspects of the physical environment relevant to planning, design, and policy measures that serve broad segments of urbanized societies. We discuss difficulties in defining "nature" and… 

The Health Benefits of Urban Nature: How Much Do We Need?

An overview of how “nature dose” and health response have been conceptualized and the evidence for different shapes of dose–response curves is examined to understand how urban nature can be manipulated to enhance human health.

An ecosystem service perspective on urban nature, physical activity, and health

This work conceptually develops a spatial decision-support tool that shows where, how, and for whom urban nature promotes physical activity, to inform urban greening efforts and broader health assessments and detail the model steps and data needs that can yield generalizable spatial models and an effective tool for assessing the urban nature–physical activity relationship.

Health Benefits from Nature Experiences Depend on Dose

It is shown that people who made long visits to green spaces had lower rates of depression and high blood pressure, and those who visited more frequently had greater social cohesion and higher levels of physical activity were linked to both duration and frequency of green space visits.

Exploring Challenges and Opportunities of Biophilic Urban Design: Evidence from Research and Experimentation

Key policy and design lessons learned around regenerative design and biophilia as well as new directions for action, particularly with regard to climate change, sense of place, and well-being are indicated.

Toward improved public health outcomes from urban nature.

There is a need for a bold new research agenda founded on testing causality that transcends disciplinary boundaries between ecology and health that will lead to cost-effective and tailored solutions that could enhance population health and reduce health inequalities.

Biodiversity, physical health and climate change: a synthesis of recent evidence

We are at a point of history marked by unprecedented changes in the environmental foundations of human health and wellbeing. At the same time, the demands from human populations have never been

Biodiversity, Physical Health and Climate Change: A Synthesis of Recent Evidence

We are at a point in history marked by unprecedented changes in the environmental foundations of human health and well-being. At the same time, the demands from human populations have never been

Exploring pathways linking greenspace to health: Theoretical and methodological guidance

Flourishing in nature: A review of the benefits of connecting with nature and its application as a wellbeing intervention

From the increasing number of people living in urban areas to the continued degradation of the natural environment, many of us appear to be physically and psychologically disconnected from nature. We

Ecosystem Services and Preventive Medicine: A Natural Connection.




Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions.

The empirical research assessing urban living's impact on population health is reviewed and the rationale for considering the study of urban health as a distinct field of inquiry is considered.

Health benefits of nature experience: Psychological, social and cultural processes

In this chapter we consider how experiences of nature can affect human health and well-being. We first address the matter of ‘what has been’; that is, we sketch the development of theory and research

Role of physical activity in the relationship between urban green space and health.

Forests and human health: assessing the evidence

The Occasional Paper considers four issues related to tropical forests and human health, including the cultural interpretations of human health found among forest peoples, including holistic world views that impinge on health and indigenous knowledge.

Residence in the social ecology of stress and restoration

The model indicates how processes operating above the household level can affect health by modifying the quantity, quality, and distribution of demands, resources, and restoration opportunities within and across the settings of everyday life, including the residence.

Green cities and health: a question of scale?

It is found that in the USA, greener cities tend also to be more sprawling and have higher levels of car dependency and any benefits that the green space might offer seem easily eclipsed by these other conditions and the lifestyles that accompany them.

Greenspace and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence

  • K. LachowyczA. Jones
  • Psychology
    Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 2011
Key areas for future research include investigating if and how people actually use greenspace and improving understanding of the mechanisms through which greenspace can improve health and, in particular, if physical activity is one such mechanism.

Beyond toxicity: human health and the natural environment.

  • H. Frumkin
  • Psychology
    American journal of preventive medicine
  • 2001