Nature, Nurture, and Cognitive Development from 1 to 16 Years: A Parent-Offspring Adoption Study

@article{Plomin1997NatureNA,
  title={Nature, Nurture, and Cognitive Development from 1 to 16 Years: A Parent-Offspring Adoption Study},
  author={R. Plomin and D. Fulker and R. Corley and J. Defries},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={1997},
  volume={8},
  pages={442 - 447}
}
Children increasingly resemble their parents in cognitive abilities from infancy through adolescence Results obtained from a 20-year longitudinal adoption study of 245 adopted children and their biological and adoptive parents, as well as 245 matched nonadoptive (control) parents and offspring, show that this increasing resemblance is due to genetic factors Adopted children resemble their adoptive parents slightly in early childhood but not at all in middle childhood or adolescence In contrast… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Multivariate Path Analysis of Specific Cognitive Abilities Data at 12 Years of Age in the Colorado Adoption Project
TLDR
Estimates of bivariate-heritability indicate that on average about half of the phenotypic correlations among the four specific cognitive ability measures are due to genetic effects, which would be interpreted as greater heritability by the parent–offspring design. Expand
Social development from infancy to adolescence: longitudinal and concurrent factors in an adoption sample.
TLDR
Results showed that social development and temperament were stable over time and that both previous and current parental sensitivity were important in predicting social development in adolescence. Expand
Cognitive Abilities in Childhood and Adolescence
General cognitive ability is associated with important life outcomes such as educational and occupational attainment, social mobility, and even health. The study of the behavioral genetics ofExpand
Parental Education and Child's Verbal IQ in Adoptive and Biological Families in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
TLDR
It is concluded that parental education exerts a modest shared environmental effect, explaining no more than 3 to 4% of the variation in verbal intelligence. Expand
Maternal sensitivity, infant attachment, and temperament in early childhood predict adjustment in middle childhood: the case of adopted children and their biologically unrelated parents.
TLDR
It is concluded that even in adopted children, who are not biologically related to their adoptive parents, early mother-infant interactions and attachment relationships predict later socioemotional and cognitive development, beyond infant temperament and gender. Expand
Effects of parenting quality on adolescents' personality resemblance to their parents. The TRAILS study.
TLDR
This study modelled the association between perceived parental warmth and rejection at age eleven and personality resemblance to parents at about age sixteen, and found parenting experienced during early adolescence was related to the degree and direction in which adolescents resembled their parents five years later in life. Expand
Adoption and cognitive development: a meta-analytic comparison of adopted and nonadopted children's IQ and school performance.
TLDR
The positive impact of adoption on the children's cognitive development and their remarkably normal cognitive competence but delayed school performance are documented. Expand
Social-emotional development through a behavior genetics lens: infancy through preschool.
TLDR
The general purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of how genes and environment, as well as the interplay between them, relate to early socioemotional behaviors. Expand
Nature and Nurture Effects On Children’s Outcomes: What Have We Learned From Studies of Twins And Adoptees?
Abstract There is a rich history of using data from twins and from adoptees to control for genetic influences and thereby examine the impact of environment on children's outcomes. The behavioralExpand
Differences in genetic and environmental influences on the human cerebral cortex associated with development during childhood and adolescence
TLDR
The observation that regions associated with complex cognitive processes such as language, tool use, and executive function are more heritable in adolescents than children is consistent with previous studies showing that IQ becomes increasingly heritable with maturity. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Genetic influence on general mental ability increases between infancy and middle childhood
TLDR
The Colorado Adoption Project is the first large-scale longitudinal adoption study of behavioural development and provides conclusive evidence for increasing heritable variation of general mental ability, ranging from 9% at 1 year of age to 36% at 7 years. Expand
Parent-offspring resemblance for cognitive abilities in the Colorado Adoption Project: Biological, adoptive, and control parents and one-year-old children
The primary objective of the Colorado Adoption Project (CAP), which is a longitudinal study begun in 1975, is to assess both genetic and environmental contributions to behavioral development. In thisExpand
The Louisville Twin Study: developmental synchronies in behavior.
TLDR
The overall results pointed to a strong developmental thrust in the growth of intelligence, which was principally guided by an intrinsic genetic ground plan, and Qualitative features of home and family did not add significantly to prediction of offspring IQ. Expand
The Louisville Twin Study: Developmental Synchronies in Behavior.
: The Louisville Twin Study includes nearly 500 pairs of twins and their siblings who have participated in a longitudinal study of mental development, beginning in infancy and extending toExpand
Nature and Nurture During Middle Childhood
1. Nature and Nurture in Middle Childhood 2. The Colorado Adoption Project 3. Adoption Design Methodology Lon R. Cardon and Stacey S. Cherny 4. General Cognitive Ability Stacey S. Cherny and Lon R.Expand
The Development and Validation of a Test Battery Measuring Specific Cognitive Abilities in Four-Year-Old Children
A battery of nine specific cognitive abilities tests to assess verbal, spatial, perceptual speed, and memory abilities in children at age 4 was constructed and administered to a sample of 267Expand
Genetics and Intelligence: What's New?.
Abstract Nature as well as nurture contributes to the development of individual differences in intelligence. Genetic research on intelligence has moved beyond this rudimentary nature-nurture questionExpand
Growing up and growing apart: a developmental meta-analysis of twin studies.
TLDR
Developmental change in twin similarity was examined with age contrasts in a meta-analysis of twin studies from 1967 through 1985 and indicated that there was a general tendency for some intraclass rs to decrease with age. Expand
LISREL modeling: Genetic and environmental influences on IQ revisited
Abstract This article reports a model-fitting analysis of the covariance structure of the world's IQ data as reviewed by Bouchard and McGue (1981). A model is used which includes additive andExpand
Allelic associations between 100 DNA markers and high versus low IQ
For DNA markers in or near genes of neurological relevance, allelic frequencies were compared for groups of White children high and low in IQ in an attempt to identify specific genes responsible forExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...