Nature, Animals, and Gender in Jane Austen's Mansfield Park and Emma

@article{Seeber2002NatureAA,
  title={Nature, Animals, and Gender in Jane Austen's Mansfield Park and Emma},
  author={Barbara K. Seeber},
  journal={Lit: Literature Interpretation Theory},
  year={2002},
  volume={13},
  pages={269 - 285}
}
The late eighteenth and early nineteenth century saw an increase in moral concern for animals and advocacy of vegetarianism. This history, as Josephine Donovan and others have demonstrated, is intertwined with the radical politics of the period. The debate over "rights" included species, and explored connections among gender, class, race, and species. John Oswald's The Cry of Nature (1791), Joseph Ritson's An Essay on Abstinence from Animal Food as a Moral Duty (1802), John Frank Newton's The… Expand
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