Naturally-occurring excitatory amino acids as neurotoxins and leads in drug design.


The central excitatory neurotransmitter (S)-glutamic acid (Glu) activates at least three types of receptors the NMDA, AMPA, and kainic acid (KAIN) receptors. These receptors mediate the neurotoxicity of a number of naturally-occurring Glu analogues. Thus, domoic acid, a KAIN receptor agonist, has probably been the cause of severe neurologic illness in… (More)