Naturally occurring estrogens in processed milk and in raw milk (from gestated cows).

  title={Naturally occurring estrogens in processed milk and in raw milk (from gestated cows).},
  author={Hassan Malekinejad and Peter Scherpenisse and Aldert A. Bergwerff},
  journal={Journal of agricultural and food chemistry},
  volume={54 26},
The occurrence of the steroid hormones estrone (E1), 17alpha-estradiol (alphaE2), 17beta-estradiol (betaE2), and estriol (E3) in processed bovine milk with different fat contents and in raw milk from (non)gestated cows was investigated. Following liquid extraction, optional enzymatical deconjugation, C18 solid-phase extraction, and derivatization, estrogens were analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Free and deconjugated E1 (6.2-1266 ng/L) was the major… CONTINUE READING
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