Naturalism, Science and the Supernatural

  title={Naturalism, Science and the Supernatural},
  author={Stephen Clarke},
There is overwhelming agreement amongst naturalists that a naturalistic ontology should not allow for the possibility of supernatural entities. I argue, against this prevailing consensus, that naturalists have no proper basis to oppose the existence of supernatural entities. Naturalism is characterized, following Leiter and Rea, as a position which involves a primary commitment to scientific methodology and it is argued that any naturalistic ontological commitments must be compatible with this… 
Naturalism and the success of science
Abstract Methodological naturalism is usually regarded as compatible with a range of religious commitments on the part of scientific practitioners and it is typically assumed that methodological
The Role of Metaphysical Naturalism in Science
This paper defends the view that metaphysical naturalism is a constitutive ontological principle of science in that the general empirical methods of science, such as observation, measurement and
Non-supernaturalism: Linguistic Convention, Metaphysical Claim, or Empirical Matter of Fact?
This paper examines our pre-theoretic conception of non-supernaturalism; the thesis that all that exists is natural. It is argued that we intuitively take this thesis to be a substantive,
Naturalized Panpsychism: An Alternative to Fundamentalist Physicalism and Supernaturalism
NATURALIZED PANPSYCHISM: AN ALTERNATIVE TO FUNDAMENTALIST PHYSICALISM AND SUPERNATURALISM Earl Robert Cookson, B.A., M.A. Marquette University, 2012 A central problem in the mind-body debate is the
Science, Religion, and Naturalism: Metaphysical and Methodological Incompatibilities
The debate about the relationship between science and religion shows no sign of abatement. Are science and religion in conflict? Are they just different? Or are they even complementary ways of
Why a Naturalist Should Be an Emergentist about the Mind
Abstract Naturalism about the mind is typically associated with some kind of physicalism. This paper argues that this association is a mistake and that, given the naturalist’s commitment to the
Pro-Science Rhetoric or a Research Program? – Naturalism(s) in the Cognitive-Evolutionary Study of Religion
Aku Visala takes a closer look at the role of naturalism in CSR. The cognitive-evolutionary study of religion takes itself as “naturalizing” not only the study of religion, but the humanities as a
This article critically discusses the scientific status of transpersonal psychology and its relation to so-called supernatural claims. In particular, analysis focuses on Friedman's (2002, 2013a)
Empirical Rationalism and Transpersonal Empiricism: Bridging the Two Epistemic Cultures of Transpersonal Psychology
The purposes of this article are to provide a meaningful and critical discourse on the state of the field, identify key obstacles to an intersubjectively shared transpersonal vision, discuss whether
Supernatural Phenomena in Synge’s Riders to the Sea
The focus of the study is to analyze the supernatural phenomena experienced by a family on Aran Island located on the west coast of Ireland. The person directly involved with the supernatural


The Incompatibility of Naturalism and Scientific Realism
Whenever philosophers bother to offer a defense for philosophical naturalism, they typically appeal to the authority of natural science. Science is supposed to provide us with a picture of the world
Naturalism: A Critical Analysis
Epistemology 1. Farewell to Philosophical Naturalism Paul Moser and David Yandell 2. Knowledge and Naturalism Dallas Willard 3. The Incompatibility of Naturalism and Scientific Realism Robert Koons
If contemporary analytic philosophy can be said to have a philosophical ideology, it undoubtedly is natu- ralism. Naturalism is often invoked as a motivating ground for many philosophical projects,
Naturalism in Question
Today the majority of philosophers in the English-speaking world adhere to the "naturalist" credos that philosophy is continuous with science, and that the natural sciences provide a complete account
Objectivity, relativism, and truth: Is natural science a natural kind?
Introduction One of the principal reasons for the development of a subarea within philosophy called “philosophy of science” was the belief that ‘science’ (or, at least, ‘natural science’) named a
Naturalism, materialism and first philosophy
In the first section of this paper I define and defend a spatio-temporal account of the general nature of reality. I call this doctrine "Naturalism". In the second section I define and defend the
Reverend Paley's naturalist revival.
  • Peter McLaughlin
  • Philosophy
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2008
Defensible Territory for Entity Realism
  • Stephen Clarke
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 2001
In the face of argument to the contrary, it is shown that there is defensible middle ground available for entity realism, between the extremes of scientific realism and empiricist antirealism.
How Not to Defend Constructive Empiricism: a Rejoinder
Ladyman, Douven, Horsten and van Fraassen have attempted to defend van Fraassen’s critique of abductive reasoning against the arguments offered in a recent piece of mine. My short rejoinder shows two
The Demise of the Demarcation Problem
We live in a society which sets great store by science. Scientific ‘experts’ play a privileged role in many of our institutions, ranging from the courts of law to the corridors of power. At a more