Natural selection drives patterns of lake–stream divergence in stickleback foraging morphology

@article{Berner2008NaturalSD,
  title={Natural selection drives patterns of lake–stream divergence in stickleback foraging morphology},
  author={D. Berner and D. Adams and Anne-Catherine Grandchamp and A. Hendry},
  journal={Journal of Evolutionary Biology},
  year={2008},
  volume={21}
}
To what extent are patterns of biological diversification determined by natural selection? We addressed this question by exploring divergence in foraging morphology of threespine stickleback fish inhabiting lake and stream habitats within eight independent watersheds. We found that lake fish generally displayed more developed gill structures and had more streamlined bodies than did stream fish. Diet analysis revealed that these morphological differences were associated with limnetic vs. benthic… Expand
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