Natural networks as thermodynamic systems

  title={Natural networks as thermodynamic systems},
  author={Tuomo Hartonen and Arto Annila},
Natural networks are considered as thermodynamic systems that evolve from one state to another by consuming free energy. The least-time consumption of free energy is found to result in ubiquitous scale-free characteristics. The network evolution will yield the scale-independent qualities because the least-time imperative will prefer attachment of nodes that contribute most to the free-energy consumption. The analysis of evolutionary equation of motion, derived from statistical physics of open… 

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