Natural evolution of late whiplash syndrome outside the medicolegal context

@article{Schrader1996NaturalEO,
  title={Natural evolution of late whiplash syndrome outside the medicolegal context},
  author={Harald Schrader and Gunnar Bovim and Trond Sand and Diana Obelieniene and D Siurkiene and Dalia Mickevi{\vc}ienė and Irena Misevi{\vc}ienė},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1996},
  volume={347},
  pages={1207-1211}
}
Headache After Whiplash: A Historical Cohort Study Outside the Medico-Legal Context
TLDR
The present results obtained outside the medico-legal context do not confirm that a specific headache pattern emerges 1–3 years after a rear-end car collision.
Temporomandibular and Whiplash Injury in Lithuania
TLDR
Lithian accident victims do not appear to report chronic symptoms of TMD in association with an acute whiplash injury, and there was a low prevalence of jaw sounds, pain in or near the ear[s], jaw locking, tinnitus, and facial pain.
A prospective cohort study of the outcome of acute whiplash injury in Greece.
TLDR
In Greece, symptoms after an acute whiplash injury are self-limiting, brief, and do not appear to evolve into the so-called lateWhiplash syndrome.
Examination of the diagnostic validity of ‘headache attributed to whiplash injury’: a controlled, prospective study
TLDR
The nosologic validity of both acute and chronic whiplash headache is poor as the headaches, in accordance with the criteria lack distinguishing clinical features and have the same prognosis compared with headaches in a control group.
Late whiplash syndrome
Whiplash in individuals with known pre–accident, clinical neck status
TLDR
The number of cases is small, but the similarity of the symptoms—and signs—following whiplash injury may suggest an element of organic origin in thewhiplash syndrome.
Headache and musculoskeletal complaints among subjects with self reported whiplash injury. The HUNT-2 study
TLDR
Subjects with self reported whiplash injury had significantly more headache and musculoskeletal complaints than those without, and may in part be due to selective reporting.
Handicap after acute whiplash injury
TLDR
The cervical range-of-motion test has a high sensitivity in prediction of handicap after acute whiplash injury and is further improved by additional recording of symptoms and pain intensity.
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References

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TLDR
The author suggests that the development of the Late Whiplash Syndrome depends on social variables and the differential distribution in Western countries and in Singapore is related to sanctions against entry into the sick role associated with this type of injury which are present in countries such as Singapore.
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TLDR
It is shown that social variables may be relevant n the production of the syndrome, consisting of headache, neckache, neck stiffness, and depression, as well as anxiety, all of which are strongly correlated with each other.
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Whiplash injuries occur in more than 1 million people in the United States every year1. Although the majority become asymptomatic in a matter of weeks to a few months, 20 to 40 percent have symptoms
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TLDR
The distribution, determinants, and consequences of chronic neck pain have hitherto been described inadequately, and there was some independent association between neck syndrome and disabilities, use of physician services, and use of pain killers.
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TLDR
During the years 1947-1957 the Accident Service of the Radcliffe Infirmary treated 26,287 patients with broken bones, and it seems that the cervical spine is either hyperflexed or hyperextended at the time of the accident, and the patients have been subdivided according to this criterion.
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TLDR
This study was undertaken in an effort to identify the initial or early symptoms and the physical and roentgenographic findings that are important in predicting the results in patients whose initial roent genograms after injury show no evidence of arthritic changes, narrowing of an intervertebral disc, or spur formation.
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TLDR
Many people in the general population live with disabling complaints, but the numbers seeking medical care for them are far fewer, so it is important to demonstrate the high prevalence of headache and neck or shoulder pain, and also to understand the complexity of the causal factors.
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