Natural course of vitreomacular traction syndrome observed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.

@article{Zhang2015NaturalCO,
  title={Natural course of vitreomacular traction syndrome observed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.},
  author={Zhi-qiao Zhang and Fang-tian Dong and Chan Zhao and Rong-ping Dai and Weihong Yu and Lin Zheng and Feng He and Zhi-kun Yang},
  journal={Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie},
  year={2015},
  volume={50 2},
  pages={
          172-9
        }
}
OBJECTIVE Our study aimed to characterize the natural course of vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome, on which discrepancies have been reported in previous publications, by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). DESIGN Retrospective chart review. PARTICIPANTS A total of 23 eyes of 23 patients with idiopathic symptomatic VMT syndrome diagnosed and followed up in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2008 to 2013. METHODS Clinical records of all patients who underwent… 
A retrospective cohort study in patients with tractional diseases of the vitreomacular interface (ReCoVit)
  • P. Stalmans
  • Medicine
    Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
  • 2016
TLDR
Spontaneous resolution of VMT and VMA was rare, whereas disease progression resulting in PPV was more common, and better visual acuity outcomes were found in eyes with spontaneous resolution compared to the other groups.
ANATOMICAL AND FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMES OF SYMPTOMATIC IDIOPATHIC VITREOMACULAR TRACTION: A Natural History Study From the Pan American Collaborative Retina Study Group
TLDR
The baseline SD-OCT grade may predict the progression to full-thickness macular hole and the best-corrected visual acuity in eyes with symptomatic idiopathic vitreomacular traction with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings consistent with idiopathsic VMT.
PREDICTIVE FACTORS OF VISUAL OUTCOME FOR VITREOMACULAR TRACTION SYNDROME AFTER VITRECTOMY
TLDR
Most patients of VMT gained significant functional and anatomical improvements after vitrectomy, and Group 1 optical coherence tomography pattern, shorter symptom duration, and younger age are significant predictive factors of better visual outcome.
Factors Associated with the Clinical Course of Vitreomacular Traction
TLDR
Better BCVA in the first visit was associated with an increased likelihood of resolution of the VMT that occurred in 24% of cases, and other factors such as the vertical area of adhesion and the angle ofAdhesion were not identified as prognostic factors affecting the clinical course of the disease.
Pneumatic Vitreolysis for the Treatment of Symptomatic Vitreomacular Traction: A Prospective Pilot Study
TLDR
Pneumatic vitreolysis is an effective treatment for symptomatic VMT and may offer cost savings for patients and/or health services, and both eyes in which the VMT failed to release showed an improvement in central macular anatomy.
Comparison of Macular Findings due to Vitreomacular Traction Alone or in Association with Epiretinal Membrane
TLDR
Patients with V MT in association with ERM have different characteristics in SD-OCT compared to those with VMT alone regarding the type and location of macular edema, the extent of EZ defect, as well as the vitreofoveal angle and the VMT diameter.
Inner Macular Changes in Fellow Eye of Patients With Unilateral Idiopathic Epiretinal Membrane
TLDR
The data suggest that a vascular defect in the SCP could cause a cellular loss in the inner retina that may determine the cascade events leading to the IERM proliferation; the diagnosis in a preclinical phase could provide a treatment strategy to prevent the progression of the disease.
Anatomical and Functional Changes in the Coexistence of Vitreomacular Traction and Epiretinal Membrane: A Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Study
TLDR
Macular thickness, type of macular edema, adhesion diameter, the extent of the EZ/ELM defect and BCVA appeared different in cases where VMT and ERM were unified compared to cases where ERM and VMT coexisted but were not intercorrelated.
BASELINE CHARACTERISTICS OF VITREOMACULAR TRACTION PROGRESSING TO FULL-THICKNESS MACULAR OR LAMELLAR HOLES IN THE PHASE III TRIALS OF ENZYMATIC VITREOLYSIS.
TLDR
Vitreomacular traction is more likely to progress to FTMH when associated with subretinal fluid, but whenassociated with intraretinal changes (such as schisis), vitreomcular traction appears more likelyto progress to a LH after a single intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin or saline.
COMPARING INTRAVITREAL AIR AND GAS FOR THE TREATMENT OF VITREOMACULAR TRACTION.
TLDR
Posterior vitreous detachment in VMT can be observed with both air and gas injection with a low complication rate and the occurrence of VMT release observed with air seemed to be less frequent than that observed with gas.
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TLDR
Vreous surface adhesion and persistence of ERM may be the prognostic factors for the natural course of the VMT and spontaneous resolution of VMT in eyes with less vitreoussurface adhesion or coexisting ERM and without ERMs is observed.
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TLDR
SD OCT allows good visualization of the architectural morphology of the vitreous and retina in vitreomacular traction syndrome and is useful and irreplaceable for the diagnosis and follow-up of VMT.
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The adhesion between the vitreous and fovea in vitreomacular traction syndrome is accompanied by fibrocellular proliferation along the exposed surfaces of the inner retina and the posterior surface of the Vitreous, which may account for the prominent OCT signal seen along the posteriorsurface of the vitREous in these cases.
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TLDR
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