Natural and anthropogenic hazards in karst areas: an introduction

  title={Natural and anthropogenic hazards in karst areas: an introduction},
  author={Mario Parise and John Gunn},
The distinctive hydrology and landforms of karst create a very special environment. Although several types of karst have been identified worldwide, a common thread is the dominantly subterranean drainage. The paucity of water flowing at the surface, a consequence of rapid infiltration underground through a network of discontinuities in the soluble rock mass, results in two important but contrasting points: the considerable value of karst water resources (representing about 25% of the drinkable… Expand
A review on natural and human-induced geohazards and impacts in karst
Karst environments are characterized by distinctive landforms related to dissolution and a dominant subsurface drainage. The direct connection between the surface and the underlying high permeabilityExpand
Managing environmental problems in Cuban karstic aquifers
The Cuban archipelago hosts some of the most typical karst features in the Caribbean, and has very important and high-quality resources of karst water. Carbonate rocks cover about 70% of the countryExpand
A present risk from past activities: sinkhole occurrence above underground quarries
  • M. Parise
  • Geology
  • Carbonates and Evaporites
  • 2012
Sinkholes are extremely common in Apulia, a low-relief carbonate region of southern Italy that is highly predisposed to this hazard due to the widespread presence of soluble rocks. In addition to theExpand
Evaluating the susceptibility to anthropogenic sinkholes in Apulian calcarenites, southern Italy
Abstract Sinkholes are the main hazard related to underground voids of both natural and anthropogenic origin. Instabilities developing underground may propagate upwards in a dramatic manner and reachExpand
Environmental and hydrogeological problems in karstic terrains crossed by tunnels: a case study
The construction of one of the high-speed railway tunnels between Malaga and Córdoba (South Spain) beneath the Abdalajís mountains occasioned a series of hydrogeological problems with geotechnicalExpand
Geomorphology and natural hazards in karst areas: A review
1. IntroductionSince human beings started to colonise the world, slowly migrat-ing (in multiple directions) from the African Rift and ultimatelyreaching the southernmost territories of the Americas,Expand
Geomorphological Explanation of Karstic Drainage Sensitivity toward Anthropogenic Pollutants in Kardeh Catchment, NE Iran
In the present study, we aimed to geomorphological explanation of karst features and their environmental sensitivity in Kardeh catchment in Kopet–Dagh mountainous zone, NE Iran. EnvironmentalExpand
Geophysical mapping of solution and collapse sinkholes
Abstract Karst rocks such as limestone, dolomite, anhydrite, gypsum, or salt can be dissolved physically by water or chemically by water enriched with carbon dioxide. The dissolution is driven byExpand
A review of the effects of tunnel excavation on the hydrology, ecology, and environment in karst areas: Current status, challenges, and perspectives
Abstract Due to a lack of awareness of environmental protection at the beginning of tunnel excavation and the unique ecological vulnerability of karst areas, tunnel excavation is beginning to haveExpand
Classification of karst springs for flash-flood-prone areas in western Turkey
Abstract. Flash floods are caused by heavy rainfall that has become more frequent. They are more prominent in low-storage karst regions, although karst terrain often acts as a natural flood controlExpand


Guidelines for cave and karst protection
Cave and karst landforms are distributed widely around the world. They have many values and are an integral component of the world's biodiversity. Some are habitats for a wide range of endemicExpand
Biodiversity and cultural property in the management of limestone resources - lessons from East Asia
This study focuses on the quarrying of limestone, as a subsidiary element of infrastructure projects, whose impact is not adequately assessed; even environmental assessments do not take full accountExpand
Karst Geomorphology and Hydrology
List of tables. Introduction to karst. The karst rocks. Dissolution chemical and kinetic behaviour of the karst rock. Distribution and rate of karst denudation. Karst hydrology. Analysis of karstExpand
Guidelines for Wellhead and Springhead Protection Area Delineation in Carbonate Rocks
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Evolution of Karst: From Prekarst to Cessation. Postojna-Ljubljana: Zalozba ZRC
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Essays in the Ecology and Conservation of Karst
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Speleogenesis: Evolution of Karst Aquifers