Natural Streams and the Legacy of Water-Powered Mills

  title={Natural Streams and the Legacy of Water-Powered Mills},
  author={Robert C. Walter and Dorothy J. Merritts},
  pages={299 - 304}
Gravel-bedded streams are thought to have a characteristic meandering form bordered by a self-formed, fine-grained floodplain. This ideal guides a multibillion-dollar stream restoration industry. We have mapped and dated many of the deposits along mid-Atlantic streams that formed the basis for this widely accepted model. These data, as well as historical maps and records, show instead that before European settlement, the streams were small anabranching channels within extensive vegetated… 

Bank erosion of legacy sediment at the transition from vertical to lateral stream incision

Streambank erosion is a primary source of suspended sediments in many waterways of the US Atlantic Piedmont. This problem is exacerbated where banks are comprised of fine sediment produced by the

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Field and archival research demonstrates that although not accurately documented in historic records, small, water-powered mills may have been common throughout the southern Blue Ridge during the

Restoration of Hydrologic Functions of Streams Impacted by Milldams

Floodplain deposits upstream of milldams or other similar structures have affected the hydrologic function of eastern US stream channels. Stream restoration efforts that seek to restore channel

Historic mill ponds and piedmont stream water quality: Making the connection near Raleigh, North Carolina

This one-day fi eld trip highlights recent research into the late Holocene geomorphic evolution and land use history of Piedmont stream valleys near Raleigh, North Carolina. European settlers began

Legacy Effects of Colonial Millponds on Floodplain Sedimentation, Bank Erosion, and Channel Morphology, Mid‐Atlantic, USA 1

Abstract:  Many rivers and streams of the Mid‐Atlantic Region, United States (U.S.) have been altered by postcolonial floodplain sedimentation (legacy sediment) associated with numerous milldams.

Rates and Processes of Streambank Erosion in Tributaries of the Little River, Tennessee

Erosion pins were installed on 32 banks in five tributaries of the Little River, eastern Tennessee, to quantify the contributions of streambanks to stream sediment loads and better understand the



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Rates and processes of bank erosion were evaluated for reaches of two alluvial, equiwidth to wide bend, point bar streams in Iowa: East Nishnabotna River and Des Moines River. The evaluation was made

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Man-induced soil erosion on the Southern Piedmont, 1700-1970.

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Hydromorphological and biological factors influencing sediment and phosphorus loss via bank erosion in small lowland rural streams in Denmark

Bank erosion was measured at 91 stream banks located in 15 Danish rural 1st and 2nd order streams over a 2‐year period. Our aims were firstly to examine factors controlling spatial variation in bank

Estimating trap efficiency of small reservoirs and ponds: methods and implications for the assessment of sediment yield

Throughout the world, several millions of small ponds exist for water supply, irrigation, flood control or to control water quality downstream. The reduced flow velocity in these ponds causes

Synthesizing U.S. River Restoration Efforts

The authors of this Policy Forum developed a comprehensive database of >37,000 river restoration projects across the United States. Such projects have increased exponentially over the past decade