Natural Streams and the Legacy of Water-Powered Mills

@article{Walter2008NaturalSA,
  title={Natural Streams and the Legacy of Water-Powered Mills},
  author={Robert C. Walter and Dorothy J. Merritts},
  journal={Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={319},
  pages={299 - 304}
}
Gravel-bedded streams are thought to have a characteristic meandering form bordered by a self-formed, fine-grained floodplain. This ideal guides a multibillion-dollar stream restoration industry. We have mapped and dated many of the deposits along mid-Atlantic streams that formed the basis for this widely accepted model. These data, as well as historical maps and records, show instead that before European settlement, the streams were small anabranching channels within extensive vegetated… 

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