Natural-Resource Wealth and the Survival of Autocracy

@article{Ulfelder2007NaturalResourceWA,
  title={Natural-Resource Wealth and the Survival of Autocracy},
  author={Jay Ulfelder},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  year={2007},
  volume={40},
  pages={1018 - 995}
}
  • Jay Ulfelder
  • Published 2007
  • Economics
  • Comparative Political Studies
Does natural-resource wealth impede transitions to democracy? This article revisits this question with an event history design that differs from the approach used in other recent statistical tests of rentier state theory. The research confirms that autocracy is typically more durable in countries with substantial resource wealth, and the author finds this effect is robust to other measures proposed to explain the dearth of democracy in the Middle East or the Muslim world. Along the way, the… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Elites, Oil, and Democratization: A Survival Analysis
Objective. This study explores the relationship between natural resource wealth, most notably oil, and democratic survival. I contend that natural resources help sustain democratic regimes by easingExpand
Natural Resource Wealth – a Blessing or a Curse for Democracy?
The tendency of regimes, richly endowed with natural resources, to be more authoritarian than those without such resources, is a prominent feature for discussion within political theoreticalExpand
Natural resource rents, autocracy and the composition of government spending
This paper empirically analyzes the influence of rents from natural resources on the composition of government spending and investigates whether the relationship differs between democracies andExpand
The Politics of the Resource Curse: A Review
This essay discusses the intellectual roots of the resource curse literature, explains how scholars define natural resources, and summarizes recent findings on how resource wealth affects democracy,Expand
Oil, Autocratic Survival, and the Gendered Resource Curse: When Inefficient Policy Is Politically Expedient
Economic development generally promotes women’s autonomy. Yet women in resource-rich autocracies fare more poorly than women in similarly wealthy industrial and postindustrial states. Some attributeExpand
Rentier States and State Transformations
This chapter reviews the large and influential literature investigating the causal relationship between resource abundance and predatory state institutions, autocratic politics, and civil war. ItExpand
What Have We Learned about the Resource Curse
Since 2001, hundreds of academic studies have examined the “political resource curse,” meaning the claim that natural resource wealth tends to adversely affect a country's governance. There is nowExpand
Oil and Autocratic Regime Survival
This article uncovers a new mechanism linking oil wealth to autocratic regime survival: the investigation tests whether increases in oil wealth improve the survival of autocracies by lowering theExpand
Refining the Oil Curse
Is there a resource curse? Some scholars argue that resource income is associated with slower transitions to democracy; others contend that the negative effects of resources are conditional onExpand
Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa
This paper uses recent data on historical oil wealth to provide new evidence on the effect of oil wealth on democracy in Africa from 1955 to 2008. We find that oil wealth is statistically associatedExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Resource Wealth and Political Regimes in Africa
Political economists point to the levels of economic development, poverty, and income inequality as the most important determinants of political regimes. The authors present empirical evidenceExpand
No Representation without Taxation? Rents, Development, and Democracy
Natural resource windfalls would seem to be a boon for poor countries. They reduce the burden of taxation, create a middle class, and pay for social services. In the view of most scholars, however,Expand
Oil Wealth and Regime Survival in the Developing World
The global oil market and its associated booms and busts have generated a large literature in political science. One contention in this literature is that political instability is a near-certain,Expand
Rentier Wealth, Unruly Law, and the Rise of Opposition: The Political Economy of Oil States
The relationship between oil and politics has generated much intellectual debate. The resulting framework called "rentierism" has produced a number of propositions about the nature of theExpand
Determinants of Democracy
A panel study of over 100 countries from 1960 to 1995 finds that improvements in the standard of living predict increase in democracy, as measured by a subjective indicator of electoral rights. TheExpand
Does Oil Hinder Democracy?
Some scholars suggest that the Middle East's oil wealth helps explain its failure to democratize. This article examines three aspects of this "oil impedes democracy" claim. First, is it true? DoesExpand
Political Order in Changing Societies
This now-classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is a major and enduring contribution to modern political analysis. In a new Foreword, FrancisExpand
Double Take
The Polity data are widely used to explore the causes and consequences of democratic authority patterns. These data often have been used uncritically. The authors explore some of the theoretical andExpand
Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies
Political science scholars consider the four-volume work "Transitions from Authoritarian Rule" to be a foundational text for studying the process of democratization, specifically in those cases whereExpand
Dynamics of Formal Political Structure: An Event-History Analysis
In exploring a series of hypotheses from the modernization and world-system perspectives regarding the causes of changes in national political structure, we depart from the static tradition ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...