Native American Ethnobotany of Cane (Arundinaria spp.) in the Southeastern United States: A Review

  title={Native American Ethnobotany of Cane (Arundinaria spp.) in the Southeastern United States: A Review},
  author={Steven G. Platt and Christopher G. Brantley and Thomas R. Rainwater},
Abstract Cane (Arundinaria spp.) was one of the most important plant resources for Native Americans living in the southeastern United States prior to Euro-American settlement. The use of cane permeated virtually every aspect of tribal life. Cane was used to make houses and village structures, military and hunting weapons, fishing gear, furniture and domestic implements, personal adornments, baskets, musical instruments, and watercraft. Medicines were prepared from cane, and parts of the plant… 

Canebrakes of the Sandhills Region of the Carolinas and Georgia: Fire History, Canebrake Area, and Species Frequency

ABSTRACT  Canebrakes formerly occupied hundreds of thousands of hectares across the southeastern USA, but habitat conversion and fire suppression have reduced their size and extent. Currently,

An experimental ethnoarchaeological approach to understanding the development of use wear associated with the processing of river cane for split-cane technology

ABSTRACT Southeastern Indians have been using cane (Arundinaria spp.) for basketry and matting for thousands of years. Unfortunately, it is only under extraordinary preservation conditions that such

Ethnobiology through Song

Music is recognized as an essential constituent of the diversity of life on Earth and is enshrined in the concept of biocultural diversity. While research shows that song is an untapped library of

Nutrient Dynamics and Decomposition of Riparian Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Leaves in Southern Illinois

Leaf litter quality and quantity can influence soil nutrient dynamics and stream productivity through decomposition and serving as allochthonous stream inputs. Leaf deposition, nitrogen

Macro-propagation of native cane (Arundinaria spp.) in central Kentucky and restoration out-plantings in western Tennessee and southern Alabama.

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Using physical parameters and geographic information system analyses to predict potential riparian restoration sites for giant cane in southern Illinois

Riparian buffers have been widely advocated as a best management practice for improving stream and lake water quality. Giant cane (Arundinaria gigantean) is a good candidate to include in

Fire in Floodplain Forests of the Southeastern USA



Canebrake conservation in the southeastern United States

At the time of European settlement, extensive monotypic stands of cane (Arundinaria gigantea), known as canebrakes, were a dominant landscape feature in the southeastern United States (U.S.).

Canebrakes: An Ecological and Historical Perspective

Cane (Arundinaria gigantea (Walter) Muhl.) is found throughout the southeastern United States and forms monotypic stands known as canebrakes. Canebrake ecology has been largely ignored by

Observation of cane (Arundinaria) flowers, seed, and seedlings in the North Carolina Coastal Plain

Cane, Arutndtnarta, is a true grass, with a perennial woody stem that sets it apart from all other grasses in this country. It is a member of the bamboo tribe. Most botanical manuals list two species

Switchcane: propagation and establishment in the southeastern United States

restoring canebrakes. Switchcane gigantea) a ( A rundinaria is monopodial species of bamboo that is native throughout the southeastern United States (Farrelley, 1984), and that was an important

Population biology and disturbance ecology of a native north American bamboo (Arundinaria gigantea)

The dissertation proposes how a sequence of windstorm and fire disturbances might promote natural canebrake formation, and suggests that cane stands might shift location over time as small forest gaps open and close.

Native American Ethnobotany

This is an extraordinary compilation of the plants used by North American native people for medicine, food, fiber, dye, and a host of other things. Anthropologist Daniel E. Moerman has devoted 25

Establishment of the Woody Grass Arundinaria gigantea for Riparian Restoration

It appears that careful site selection, transplantation, and site maintenance may be sufficient to ensure A. gigantea establishment on many sites, but practitioners should assess soil drainage, water stress, and fertility along with herbaceous competition and incidence of overbank flooding before determining the necessity of organic amendments to supplement establishment.


A newly recognized species of Arundinaria from the southern Appalachian Mountains is described, illustrated, and compared with the related species A. gigantea and A. tecta, consistent with genetic data that provide evidence for monophyly of the species and its sister relationship with A.Tecta.

From King Cane to King Cotton: Razing Cane in the Old South

This article explains the ecological history of the brakes of river cane, or “tree grass,” that once covered vast areas of the American South and its relationship to the agricultural and economic