Nationwide increase in the number of hospitalizations for illicit injection drug use-related infective endocarditis.

Abstract

Infective endocarditis is a potentially fatal consequence of illicit injection drug use. We estimate that the number of hospitalization for injection drug use-related infective endocarditis increased by 38%-66% in the United States between 2000-2001 and 2002-2003, a period during which the number of at-risk persons (i.e., injection drug users) remained stable. Increasing methamphetamine use and/or drug injection frequency may have increased the incidence of infective endocarditis among active injection drug users.

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@article{Cooper2007NationwideII, title={Nationwide increase in the number of hospitalizations for illicit injection drug use-related infective endocarditis.}, author={Hannah Lf Cooper and Joanne Brady and Daniel H. Ciccarone and Barbara Tempalski and Karla Gostnell and Samuel Friedman}, journal={Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America}, year={2007}, volume={45 9}, pages={1200-3} }