National estimates of male and female enrolment in American high school choirs, bands and orchestras

  title={National estimates of male and female enrolment in American high school choirs, bands and orchestras},
  author={Kenneth Elpus},
  journal={Music Education Research},
  pages={102 - 88}
  • Kenneth Elpus
  • Published 2 January 2015
  • Education
  • Music Education Research
The purpose of this study was to estimate, at a national level and over time, the participation rates of males and females among those students who formally enrol in American high school music ensembles. Ten cohorts of nationally representative samples of students from 1982 and 2009 were analysed using data from High School Transcript Studies conducted by the National Centre for Education Statistics. Results of the present study indicated that, for the time period studied, females were… 
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