National attribution of historical climate damages

  title={National attribution of historical climate damages},
  author={Christopher W. Callahan and Justin S. Mankin},
  journal={Climatic Change},
Quantifying which nations are culpable for the economic impacts of anthropogenic warming is central to informing climate litigation and restitution claims for climate damages. However, for countries seeking legal redress, the magnitude of economic losses from warming attributable to individual emitters is not known, undermining their standing for climate liability claims. Uncertainties compound at each step from emissions to global greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, GHG concentrations to… 

Globally unequal effect of extreme heat on economic growth

Increased extreme heat is among the clearest impacts of global warming, but the economic effects of heat waves are poorly understood. Using subnational economic data, extreme heat metrics measuring

Fairness considerations in global mitigation investments

Description Current mitigation finance flows are inadequate and unfair Despite overwhelming evidence that the world needs to make rapid and substantial investments in climate mitigation in this

A Meta-Analysis of the Total Economic Impact of Climate Change

  • R. Tol
  • Economics
    SSRN Electronic Journal
  • 2022
Earlier meta-analyses of the economic impact of climate change are updated with more data, with three new results: (1) The central estimate of the economic impact of global warming is always

The role of distinct electricity sources on pollution abatement: Evidence from a wide global panel

In this study, we examine the contribution of nuclear, fossil (coal, oil, and gas), and renewable (hydro, solar, wind, biofuel) electricity sources to pollution in the globalization era, as measured



Large potential reduction in economic damages under UN mitigation targets

If the world can meet the target of limiting global warming to 1.5 °C, economic damage will probably be greatly reduced, especially in poorer countries, and considerably greater reductions in global economic output beyond 2”°C.

Responsibility of major emitters for country-level warming and extreme hot years

The contributions of single greenhouse gas emitters to country-level climate change are generally not disentangled, despite their relevance for climate policy and litigation. Here, we quantify the

Historical warming has increased U.S. crop insurance losses

Quantification of the sector-specific financial impacts of historical global warming represents a critical gap in climate change impacts assessment. The multiple decades of county-level data

Countries’ contributions to climate change: effect of accounting for all greenhouse gases, recent trends, basic needs and technological progress

In the context of recent discussions at the UN climate negotiations we compared several ways of calculating historical greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assessed the effect of these different

Developed and developing world responsibilities for historical climate change and CO2 mitigation

Enacting pledges made at Cancun with continuation to 2100 leads to a reduction in global temperature rise relative to business as usual with a 1/3–2/3 contribution from developed and developing countries, respectively.

Contributions of individual countries’ emissions to climate change and their uncertainty

We have compiled historical greenhouse gas emissions and their uncertainties on country and sector level and assessed their contribution to cumulative emissions and to global average temperature

Uncertainty in temperature response of current consumption-based emissions estimates

Abstract. Several studies have connected emissions of greenhouse gases to economic and trade data to quantify the causal chain from consumption to emissions and climate change. These studies usually

Tracking uncertainties in the causal chain from human activities to climate

Attribution of climate change to individual countries is a part of ongoing policy discussions, e.g., the Brazil proposal, and requires a quantifiable link between emissions and climate change. We

Responsibility for Past and Future Global Warming: Uncertainties in Attributing Anthropogenic Climate Change

During the negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol, Brazil proposed a methodology to link the relative contribution of Annex I Parties to emission reductions with the relative contributions of Parties to

National contributions to observed global warming

There is considerable interest in identifying national contributions to global warming as a way of allocating historical responsibility for observed climate change. This task is made difficult by