National Heroic Narratives in the Baltics as a Source for Nonviolent Political Action

  title={National Heroic Narratives in the Baltics as a Source for Nonviolent Political Action},
  author={Guntis {\vS}midchens},
  journal={Slavic Review},
  pages={484 - 508}
The national heroes of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania that emerged in literary culture during the nineteenth century were warrior heroes. In the twentieth century, a series of interpretations and adaptations by leading authors disarmed and desacralized Kalevipoeg, Bearslayer (Lāčplēsis), and King Mindaugas, tempering or rejecting their violent actions and recasting these central allegories of national myth into a nonviolent mold. These heroes are part of the cultural context in which the… 

Latvia’s Vanished National Heroes

Abstract The nineteenth century saw the invention of the national hero. His main function was to serve as an ideal for the nation. Latvia, however, is an exception to this general rule: after it

Culture and Symbols as Tools of Resistance

How have Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians survived centuries of repression and been accepted into Europe's major military and economic organizations? Soft and smart power can trump hard power.

Between heritage and (identity) politics: dealing with the signs of communism in post-Soviet Lithuania

ABSTRACT The article deals with the symbolic political negotiations in Lithuania. Dealing with soviet cultural heritage like museums and monuments, the article discusses the development of identity

What Do Latvian “Peaceful Peasants” Do? A Peace System in A Rural Parish of Latvia

There is no shortage of violent references in contemporary public discourse in Latvia, where ancient and more recent military exploits are often invoked to conjure up the nation. For example, the

Looking for Solidarność in Central Asia: The Role of Human Rights Organizations in Political Change

According to scholars of resource dependency, foreign funding can weaken rather than strengthen civil society abroad, ultimately impeding its effectiveness. Yet the spate of recent “democratic

The Baltic Chain: A Study of the Organisation Facets of Large-Scale Protest from a Micro-level Perspective

Following the introduction of Gorbachev’s policy of glasnost, details of the secret protocols contained within the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 1939 were subsequently published. This led to widespread

For Whose Greater Good? The Case of Hero-Making: Girch and Darius

This article reviews an investigation into the case of Stanley Girch (aka Girėnas) and Stephen William Darius as (multi)transfigured and transforming heroes and seeks to examine a twofold assumption

Trauma management: Chernobyl in Belarus and Ukraine.

  • E. Zhukova
  • Sociology
    The British journal of sociology
  • 2016
It is demonstrated how the state can become an arena of trauma process as it commands material and symbolic resources to deal with trauma.

European memory beyond the state: Baltic, Russian and European memory interactions (1991–2009)

This article claims that the rapid institutional transformations after 1991 in the Baltic states altered the relationship of memory and power. In order to get an accurate picture of this phenomenon,



The Latvian Epic Lacplesis: Passe-partout Ideology, Traumatic Imagination of Community

The literary epic Lacplesis, written in the nineteenth century, was a conscious attempt to create a cultural frame of reference for the emerging Latvian nation. In this article, which examines how

Notes on the Latvian National Hero, L??pl?sis

My initial interest when I read the title of Sergei Kruks' article, "The Latvian Epic Ladplesis: Passe-partout Ideology, Traumatic Imagination of Community," about the Latvian and Estonian national

Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons from Eastern Europe

List of figures and tables Preface 1. Introduction 2. Mechanisms and process 3. Lithuania, 1940-1 4. Rebellion in an urban community: the role of leadership and centralization 5. The German

Pseudomythology in Estonian Publicity in the 19th and 20th Century.

In the 1840s and 1850s the pioneers of the Estonian national movement, F. R. Faehlmann and F. R. Kreutzwald, created an Olympus of Estonian gods: the main god Taara or Uku, song god Vanemuine,

Studies in Finnic folklore: Homage to the Kalevala

This book endeavours to make Finnic folklore better known internationally. Oinas writes about Finnic folkloristics and the epics the Kalevala and Kalevipoeg, questions of structure and style, epics

Estonia: Independence and European Integration

1. 'One Day There Will Be an Estonian State.' 2. The Long Second World War: Estonia under Occupation 1940-1991 3. Old Wine in New Bottles: The Politics of Independence 4. 'The Little Country that

Myths and Memories of the Nation


Lithuania: Stepping Westward

Part I - Revival and Repression 1914-1985 1. Independent Lithuania between Wars 2. Sovietization 1940-1985 Part II - Independence and the Politics of Transition 1985 - 1999 3. The Achievement of

Estonia: Return To Independence

* Estonias Role in the World * From Prehistory to World War I * Independence and World War II * Soviet Occupation * History Starts to Move * The Quest for Autonomy * The Quest for Independence *

The Poems of Ossian and Related Works

Fragments of ancient poetry Fingal Temora prefaces and dissertations Hugh Blair's critical dissertation on the poems of Ossian.