Nasolabial dimensions of the facial profile at 20 to 37 weeks' gestation on 2- and 3-dimensional sonography in normal Korean fetuses.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate normal nasolabial dimensions using the images of facial profiles in normal Korean fetuses. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study of 355 normal fetuses at 14 to 39 weeks' gestation. After the exclusion of inadequate images and inadequate numbers of fetuses at 14 to 19 and 37 to 39 weeks' gestation, the sonographic facial profiles from 222 fetuses at 20 to 37 weeks' gestation were evaluated. Five parameters, nose length, nose protrusion, pronasal-subnasal distance, distance between the upper philtrum and mouth, and distance between the tip of the nose and mouth, were measured and are presented according to gestational age. Data were analyzed by intraclass correlation coefficients and regression analysis. RESULTS There were significant linear correlations between gestational age and nose length (R = 0.390; P < .001), pronasal-subnasal distance (R = 0.415; P < .001), and distance between the upper philtrum and mouth (R = 0.315; P < .001). There were significant quadratic relationships between gestational age and nose protrusion (R(2) = 0.213; P < .001) and distance between the tip of the nose and mouth (R(2) = 0.173; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS We provide preliminary normative nasolabial dimensions of facial profiles at 20 to 37 weeks' gestation in normal Korean fetuses. These data may be of help not only in the understanding of normal nasolabial growth in utero but also in the diagnosis of abnormal facial dimensions.

Cite this paper

@article{Ko2013NasolabialDO, title={Nasolabial dimensions of the facial profile at 20 to 37 weeks' gestation on 2- and 3-dimensional sonography in normal Korean fetuses.}, author={Hyun Sun Ko and U-Young Lee and Sae Kyung Choi and Yong Gyu Park and In Yang Park and Jong Chul Shin}, journal={Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine}, year={2013}, volume={32 4}, pages={617-24} }