Nasal valves--importance and surgical procedures.

@article{Fischer2006NasalVA,
  title={Nasal valves--importance and surgical procedures.},
  author={Helmut Fischer and Wolfgang Gubisch},
  journal={Facial plastic surgery : FPS},
  year={2006},
  volume={22 4},
  pages={
          266-80
        }
}
One of the most difficult aspects in rhinoplasty is resolving and preventing functional compromise of the nasal valve area reliably. The nasal valves are crucial for the individual breathing competence of the nose. Structural and functional elements contribute to this complex system: the nasolabial angle, the configuration and stability of the alae, the function of the internal nasal valve, the anterior septum symmetrically separating the bilateral airways and giving structural and functional… 

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