Nasal pathophysiology.


The major pathological changes in rhinitis are vascular, with blood sinus congestion, transudation and oedema, and glandular, with mucus secretion. Both block the nose. Mediators released by antigen-antibody reactions and by inflammatory processes will disrupt nasal function in three main ways. First, mediators such as histamine, bradykinin and leukotrienes… (More)


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