Nasal pathophysiology.

Abstract

The major pathological changes in rhinitis are vascular, with blood sinus congestion, transudation and oedema, and glandular, with mucus secretion. Both block the nose. Mediators released by antigen-antibody reactions and by inflammatory processes will disrupt nasal function in three main ways. First, mediators such as histamine, bradykinin and leukotrienes… (More)

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