Nasal boost with adjuvanted heat-killed BCG or arabinomannan-protein conjugate improves primary BCG-induced protection in C57BL/6 mice.

Abstract

Today it is generally accepted that the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine protects against childhood tuberculosis (TB) but this immunity wanes with age, resulting in insufficient protection against adult pulmonary TB. Hence, one possible strategy to improve the protective efficacy of the BCG vaccine would be to boost in adulthood. In this study, using the mouse model, we evaluated the ability of two new TB vaccine candidates, heat-killed BCG (H-kBCG) and arabinomannan-tetanus toxoid conjugate (AM-TT), given intransally in a novel Eurocine adjuvant, to boost a primary BCG-induced immune response and to improve protection. Young C57BL/6 mice were vaccinated with conventional BCG and, 6 months later, boosted intranasally with adjuvanted H-kBCG or AM-TT, or subcutaneously with BCG. Ten weeks after the booster, mice were challenged intravenously with M. tuberculosis (Mtb) strain H37Rv. In spleens, there was a significant reduction of cfu counts in mice boosted with either H-kBCG or AM-TT vaccines compared to the non-boosted BCG-vaccinated mice. None of the boosting regimens significantly reduced bacterial loads in lungs, compared to non-boosted BCG vaccination. However, the extent of granulomatous inflammation was significantly reduced in the lungs of mice that received two of the booster vaccines (AM-TT and conventional BCG), as compared with sham-vaccinated mice. All boosted groups, except for mice boosted with the AM-TT vaccine, responded with a proliferation of spleen T cells and gamma interferon production comparable to that induced by a single BCG vaccination.

Cite this paper

@article{Haile2005NasalBW, title={Nasal boost with adjuvanted heat-killed BCG or arabinomannan-protein conjugate improves primary BCG-induced protection in C57BL/6 mice.}, author={Melles Haile and Beston Hamasur and Terese Jaxmar and Dolores Gavier-Wid{\'e}n and Mark Chambers and Bienvenido Sanchez and Ulf Schroeder and Gunilla K{\"a}llenius and Stefan B. Svenson and Andrzej Pawlowski}, journal={Tuberculosis}, year={2005}, volume={85 1-2}, pages={107-14} }