Narrow‐spectrum artificial light silences female fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)

  title={Narrow‐spectrum artificial light silences female fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)},
  author={Avalon C. S. Owens and Sara M. Lewis},
  journal={Insect Conservation and Diversity},
The rapid spread of artificial light at night (ALAN) poses myriad problems for nocturnal biodiversity. Bioluminescent taxa that communicate via glowing lures, warning signals, or courtship advertisements may have their signals obscured by artificial illumination, unless the added light is spectrally tuned to reduce its impact. Previous research has demonstrated that broad‐spectrum white light inhibits the production of courtship advertisements by male firefly beetles, yet the impact of varying… 

Behavioral responses of bioluminescent fireflies to artificial light at night

Bioluminescent insects have been the subject of scientific interest and popular wonder for millennia. But in the 21st century, the fireflies, click beetles, and cave glow-worms that brighten our

Artificial light impacts the mate success of female fireflies

Investigation of how artificial light affects mating and movement in North American Photinus, a genus of bioluminescent fireflies known to experience courtship failure under artificial light, suggests greater appreciation of behavioural diversity will help insect conservationists and dark sky advocates better target efforts to protect at-risk species.

Costs and benefits of “insect friendly” artificial lights are taxon specific

It is suggested that red light, rather than amber light, is least disruptive to insects overall, and therefore more generally insect friendly.

Blinded by the Light: Artificial Light Lowers Mate Attraction Success in Female Glow-Worms (Lampyris noctiluca L.)

The impact of streetlights on mating success of the female common glow-worm, a bioluminescent nocturnal beetle that uses light signals for sexual communication, is studied by daily monitoring their glowing status in the field, acting as a proxy for mating status throughout the mating season.

Impacts of Artificial Light at Night on Nocturnal and Diurnal Insect Biology and Diversity

  • R. Borges
  • Environmental Science
    Indian Journal of Entomology
  • 2022
Artificial light at night (ALAN) is leading to light pollution on local and global scales. Reflected and scattered light contributes to skyglow over cities and large industrial complexes. ALAN is one

Species-Specific Flash Patterns Track the Nocturnal Behavior of Sympatric Taiwanese Fireflies

It is demonstrated that flash interval (FI), a timing character of firefly flash signaling, can be a reliable species-specific luminescent marker for identifying three species in a wild sympatric population and evaluating their nightly behaviors in video-imagery analysis, as well as a traditional field specimen collection.

The diversity of photosensitivity and its implications for light pollution.

It is advocated that efforts to mitigate light pollution should consider the unique ways species perceive ALAN, as well as how diverse responses to ALAN scale up to produce diverse ecological outcomes.

Introduction to the Symposium: Effects of Light Pollution Across Diverse Natural Systems.

This work aims to highlight background and foundational evidence of the effects of light pollution to present context and the basis for early light pollution studies, and touches on several understudied topics where research is underway to fill gaps in knowledge and provide the basis of future research.

Evaluating firefly extinction risk: Initial red list assessments for North America

At least 18 species from the United States and Canada are threatened with extinction due to various pressures, including habitat loss, light pollution, and climate change (sea level rise and drought), and the need for further study is highlighted.

Short- and mid-wavelength artificial light influences the flash signals of Aquatica ficta fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)

Benefits of bioluminescent signal plasticity in a “noisy” signaling environment are demonstrated, long wavelength lighting is less likely to impact firefly courtship, and its use in place of broad spectrum white lighting could augment firefly conservation efforts.

The evolution of adult light emission color in North American fireflies

Support is found for both hypotheses: males active early in more vegetated habitats produced yellower flashes in comparison to later‐active males with greener flashes and in two of the eight species with female data, female light emissions were significantly greener as compared to males.

Tuning of photoreceptor spectral sensitivity in fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)

Modeling of spectral tuning indicates that the combination of screening and visual pigments found in the retina of each species provides the best possible match of sensitivity to bioluminescent emission.

Tuning the white light spectrum of light emitting diode lamps to reduce attraction of nocturnal arthropods

Adjusting spectral composition of white light to minimize attracting nocturnal arthropods is feasible; not all lights with the same colour temperature are equally attractive to arthropod.

Artificial Night Lighting Reduces Firefly (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) Occurrence in Sorocaba, Brazil

This study proposes fireflies as potential flagship species and bioindicators for artificial night lighting and for the first time quantifies its effects, providing subsidies for future conservationist legislations regarding photopollution.

The impact of artificial light at night on nocturnal insects: A review and synthesis

This review proposes five categories of ALAN impact on nocturnal insects, highlighting past research and identifying key knowledge gaps, and concludes with a summary of relevant literature on bioluminescent fireflies, which emphasizes the unique vulnerability of terrestrial light‐based communication systems to artificial illumination.

Light pollution may create demographic traps for nocturnal insects

Reproduction under light pollution: maladaptive response to spatial variation in artificial light in a glow-worm

The results indicate that glow-worms are unable to respond to spatial variation in artificial light, which may be a factor in their global decline and supports the hypothesis that animals often lack adaptive behavioural responses to anthropogenic environmental changes.

Proximate Mechanisms of Sexual Selection in the Firefly Photinus pyralis (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)

Comparison with a species lacking scrambles revealed that selection in P. pyralis is disruptive, targeting traits alternately, and may have led to the evolution of higher allometric ratios in a species with direct male competition.