Narrative skills in 4-year-olds with normal, impaired, and late-developing language.

  title={Narrative skills in 4-year-olds with normal, impaired, and late-developing language.},
  author={Rhea Paul and R. Smith},
  journal={Journal of speech and hearing research},
  volume={36 3},
  • R. Paul, R. Smith
  • Published 1 June 1993
  • Psychology
  • Journal of speech and hearing research
Two groups of children who were slow in expressive language development (SELD) at age 2 and a matched group of toddlers with normal language were re-evaluated at age 4. Assessment included measures of productive syntactic skills in spontaneous speech and narrative abilities in a standard story retelling task. Four-year-olds who continued to perform below the normal range in sentence structure production scored significantly lower than their normally speaking peers on all measures of narrative… 

Narrative development in late talkers: early school age.

Children with slow expressive language development as toddlers and a control group of children with normal language development (NL) were followed to early school age, and narratives were analyzed for MLU, lexical diversity, amount of information included, proportion of complete cohesive ties, and overall stage of narrative maturity.

Oral narrative skills of late talkers at ages 8 and 9

This study compared the oral narrative skills of 31 school-aged children diagnosed at 24 to 31 months with expressive language delay (late talkers) with those of 23 typically developing peers. Based

Narrative Ability of Children with Speech and Language Deficits and its Potential to Predict Later Literacy Skills

by RACHEL LIPSCOMB WELLMAN Objective: The first objective of this study was to examine how three groups of children age 3.25 to 6.5 years differ in narrative ability during the years of emergent

Intervention History of Children with Slow Expressive Language Development

An abstract of the thesis of Kathleen Belfiore for the Master of Science in Speech Communication: Speech and Hearing Science presented May 9, 1996. Title: Intervention History of Children with Slow

Patterns Of Development in Late Talkers: Preschool Years

A group of children was identified as “late talkers” (LT) on the basis of small expressive vocabulary size at 20–34 months of age and matched to a group of normally speaking age-mates. The subjects

Language skills in 5-8-year-old children with 22q11 deletion syndrome.

It is suggested that speech-language impairment is a common feature of 22q11 deletion syndrome and follow-ups of language skills are important not only for pre-school children, but also for school age children and adolescents with 22q12 deletion syndrome.

Pro-nominal reference skills of second and fourth grade children with language impairment.

It is suggested that pro-nominal referencing measures are not sensitive enough to differentiate school-aged children with typical language development from those with language impairment.

Narrative ability of children with speech sound disorders and the prediction of later literacy skills.

Examination of narrative ability in children with isolated speech sound disorders, children with combined SSDs and language impairment, and typically developing children found that Narrative retelling is a useful task for predicting which children may be at risk for later literacy problems.

Narrative skill and syntactic complexity in school-age children with and without late language emergence.

Comparing school-age children with and without histories of LLE for performance on standardized narrative comprehension and production tasks, as well as the use of complex sentences and relative clauses in narration and conversation suggests that children with a history of Lle may exhibit age-appropriate performance on a standardized narrative test, but still lack the syntactic complexity of their TD peers in conversation.



Language-impaired 4-year-olds: distinguishing transient from persistent impairment.

In a prospective, longitudinal study, 87 language-impaired children were assessed at the ages of 4, 4 1/2, and 5 1-2 years on a battery of language measures and the best predictor was ability to tell back a simple story to pictures.

Development of children with early language delay.

Four children with early language delays were compared to a control group of 12 children with respect to their preschool language abilities from age 2 1/2 to 5 years and their verbal skills at the end of Grade 2, finding that normal or nearly normal speech and language proficiency was exhibited by age 60 months.

Language growth in children with expressive language delay.

The purpose of this research was to follow for 5 months 26 2-year-old children in whom expressive language disorder had been carefully diagnosed to discover the rate of improvement and its predictors.

Outcome of toddlers with specific expressive language delay

ABSTRACT This article describes a follow-up of 25 boys diagnosed as having specific expressive language delay (SELD) in the 24- to 31-month age period. At the time of diagnosis, all subjects had

Phonological behavior in toddlers with slow expressive language development.

Toddlers with slow expressive language development were compared to normally speaking age-mates on three global measures of phonological behavior, and detailed analyses of the range of phonemes and syllable structures produced revealed that late talkers showed a delayed rather than a deviant pattern of phonology development.

Cohesion in the narratives of normal and language-disordered children.

  • B. Liles
  • Psychology, Linguistics
    Journal of speech and hearing research
  • 1985
Results indicate that both groups of subjects altered their use of cohesion as a function of the listener's needs in the same way, however, the normal and language-disordered subjects differed in their manner of cohesive organization, their cohesive adequacy, and their comprehension of the story.

The Language Development Survey: a screening tool for delayed language in toddlers.

  • L. Rescorla
  • Psychology
    The Journal of speech and hearing disorders
  • 1989
The Language Development Survey (LDS) was found to have excellent sensitivity and specificity for the identification of language delay, with a criterion of fewer than 50 words or no word combinations at 2 years yielding very low false positive and false negative rates.

Maternal linguistic input to toddlers with slow expressive language development.

Results revealed that mothers of toddlers with slow language development are different from mothers of normal speakers only in their frequency of use of lexical contingency devices, specifically, expansion and extension.

A multiple form word production checklist for assessing early language

A development of a set of five equivalent checklists to assess word production of children in their second year suggests that the five lists produce comparable mean production scores, reflect differences in age, and preserve individual differences in total production and production of linguistic categories.

The validity of a parent report instrument of child language at twenty months

Norming information and validity coefficients are presented here for a vocabulary checklist assessment included in the Early Language Inventory that has substantial validity as indexed by correlations with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and particularly with a language subscale derived from that test.