Narghile (hubble-bubble) smoking, low birth weight, and other pregnancy outcomes.

  title={Narghile (hubble-bubble) smoking, low birth weight, and other pregnancy outcomes.},
  author={Iman A Nuwayhid and Bassem I. Yamout and Grace E. El Azar and M A Kambris},
  journal={American journal of epidemiology},
  volume={148 4},
Narghile smoking, a common habit among women in many non-Western societies, is assumed by the public to be minimally harmful. This study aims at identifying the effect of smoking narghiles during pregnancy on the weight of the newborn and other pregnancy outcomes. Three groups of pregnant women were interviewed in several hospitals in Lebanon between 1993 and 1995: 106 who smoked narghiles during their pregnancy, 277 who smoked cigarettes, and 512 who did not smoke. The adjusted mean birth… CONTINUE READING
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Smoking through the bubbles

  • J. Lancaster
  • Apr 8 (final edition);
  • 1996
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