Narcolepsy-cataplexy. II. Psychosocial consequences and associated psychopathology.

  title={Narcolepsy-cataplexy. II. Psychosocial consequences and associated psychopathology.},
  author={Anthony Kales and Constantin R. Soldatos and Edward O. Bixler and Alex B. Caldwell and Roger J. Cadieux and J M Verrechio and Joyce D. Kales},
  journal={Archives of neurology},
  volume={39 3},
The emotional and psychosocial correlates of narcolepsy were evaluated in 50 adults who had a current complaint of sleep attacks and cataplexy. The psychosocial consequences of narcolepsy were extensive; most patients reported that the condition seriously affected their interpersonal, marital, work, and social relationships. Many of these consequences were caused by others' misunderstanding of the symptoms of the disorder, which resulted in negative attitudes toward the patients. Th narcoleptic… 
Narcolepsy and psychopathology: is there an association?
The psychosocial aspects of narcolepsy
The health system factors that influence the identification and care of patients with narcolepsy and the psychosocial impact of the disease are addressed and the psychological and sexual side effects of the medications currently available to treatment are focused on.
Narcolepsy and psychiatry: an evolving association of increasing interest.
Narcolepsy and psychopathology : is there an association ?
Contrary to previous claims, this study found little to suggest that narcolepsy is associated with schizophrenia, nor, despite its serious social and occupational consequences, does nar colepsy appear to be associated with an increased frequency of diagnosable depressive disorders.
Narcolepsy: a review of a common, life-long sleep disorder.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of advanced nursing
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Characteristics of normal sleep are reviewed and compared with disturbances seen in narcolepsy, and the aetiology, assessment, diagnosis, pharmacologic therapy, non-pharmacologic therapy and psychosocial issues are discussed.
Narcolepsy and other disorders of excessive sleepiness.
  • M. Wise
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Medical clinics of North America
  • 2004
Determinants of Depressive Symptoms in Narcoleptic Patients With and Without Cataplexy
The study shows that the women and the patients using antidepressants and stimulants (combination) have a higher probability for depressive symptoms independent of the presence of cataplexy, and supports the assumption that the major psychosocial burden in narcolepsy is not necessarily associated with the existence of catAPlexy.
Metamemory in narcolepsy
The results of the study indicate that subjects with narcolepsy have lower self efficacy for memory performance than either of the comparison groups, despite there being no significant difference between groups in relation to knowledge based aspects of memory functioning.


Psychosomatic aspects of narcolepsy.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of mental science
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It is suggested that psychological factors have a modifying influence in theNarcoleptic phenomena but probably do not act as a necessary and sufficient cause of narcolepsy.
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Based on findings, psychogenic narcolepsy is interpreted as a means of unconsciously satisfying forbidden wishes without experiencing conscious guilt and simultaneously as a punishment for these wishes.
Narcolepsy as a Type of Response to Emotional Conflicts
&NA; A careful analysis of the personal histories of patients showing the clinical syndrome of idiopathic narcolepsy indicates that this condition is a personality reaction to emotional issues,
Night terrors. Clinical characteristics and personality patterns.
Although night terrors and sleepwalking in childhood seem to be related primarily to genetic and developmental factors, their persistence and especially their onset in adulthood are found to berelated more to psychological factors.
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  • W. Barker
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychosomatic medicine
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The existence of narcolepsy as a disease sui generis was called into question because of its frequent association with encephalitis and by the fact that neoplastic and other lesions as well were also associated with disturbances of sleep, hence the question of "genuine" and of "symptomatic" varieties of the "disease".
Personality patterns in insomnia. Theoretical implications.
It is proposed that the predominant personality styles in this sample were characterized by the internalization of psychological distrubances rather than by acting out or aggression, and that this process is a psychophysiological mechansim underlyling insomnia.
A study on cataplexy.
Cataplexy, an abrupt and reversible paralysis, has been observed in 50 rapid eye movement (REM) sleep narcoleptics and intravenously administered clomipramine hydrochloride suppressed the attacks dramatically.