Napoleon's Uncongenial Sea: Guerrilla Warfare in Navarre during the Peninsular War, 1808-14

@article{Tone1996NapoleonsUS,
  title={Napoleon's Uncongenial Sea: Guerrilla Warfare in Navarre during the Peninsular War, 1808-14},
  author={John Lawrence Tone},
  journal={European History Quarterly},
  year={1996},
  volume={26},
  pages={355 - 382}
}
  • J. Tone
  • Published 1 July 1996
  • History
  • European History Quarterly
On 5 February 1812 the Spanish guerrilla Mina trapped Napoleon’s best counter-insurgency force, General Soulier’s ’Infemals’, in the hills of eastern Navarre. Four thousand of Mina’s men, the most formidable guerrilla army in the peninsula, assaulted Soulier’s 2000 troops in the town of Sangfesa. Two years earlier Mina might have hesitated, even with a numerical advantage of two to one, to face French veterans entrenched in a defensive position. By 1812, however, Soulier’s crack troops were no… 

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