Nanoparticles in orthodontics, a review of antimicrobial and anti-caries applications

@article{BorzabadiFarahani2014NanoparticlesIO,
  title={Nanoparticles in orthodontics, a review of antimicrobial and anti-caries applications},
  author={Ali Borzabadi-Farahani and Ebrahim Borzabadi and Edward Lynch},
  journal={Acta Odontologica Scandinavica},
  year={2014},
  volume={72},
  pages={413 - 417}
}
Abstract Nanoparticles (NPs) are insoluble particles smaller than 100 nm in size. In order to prevent microbial adhesion or enamel demineralization in orthodontic therapy, two broad strategies have been used. These are incorporating certain NPs into orthodontic adhesives/cements or acrylic resins (nanofillers, silver, TiO2, SiO2, hydroxyapatite, fluorapatite, fluorohydroxyapatite) and coating surfaces of orthodontic appliances with NPs (i.e. coating bracket surfaces with a thin film of nitrogen… 

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