Naming in young children: a dumb attentional mechanism?

  title={Naming in young children: a dumb attentional mechanism?},
  author={Linda B. Smith and Susan S. Jones and Barbara Landau},

Figures and Tables from this paper

They call it like they see it: spontaneous naming and attention to shape.
Results indicate that object shape plays an important role in both spontaneous productions and novel noun generalization, but contrary to current hypotheses, children may name objects by shape from the earliest points of productive vocabulary development and this tendency may not be lexically specific.
How children know the relevant properties for generalizing object names
Young children’s novel word extensions indicate that their animal categories, like those of adults, are characterized by multiple similarities among instances; whereas their artifact categories,
Two Insights about Naming in the Preschool Child
Psychological models often assume that young children learn words and concepts by means of associative learning mechanisms, without the need to posit any innate predispositions. For example, Smith,
Two-year-olds will name artifacts by their functions.
Three studies of lexical categorization found that two-year-olds name by function when they can make sense of the relation between the appearances and the functions of artifacts.
The Growth of Flexible Problem Solving: Preschool Children Use Changing Verbal Cues to Infer Multiple Word Meanings
Flexible induction is the adaptation of probabilistic inferences to changing problems. Young children's flexibility was tested in a word-learning task. Children 3 to 6 years old were told 3 novel
The role of inhibition in moving beyond perceptually focused noun extensions
When young children interpret novel nouns, they tend to be very much affected by the perceptual features of the referent objects, especially shape. This article investigates whether children might


Count Nouns, Adjectives, and Perceptual Properties in Children's Novel Word Interpretations
Three-year-old children were shown a novel exemplar toy and asked to judge test items that differed from the exemplar in shape, coloration, or material substance. In the count noun condition,
Object properties and knowledge in early lexical learning.
The results suggest that very young children possess considerable knowledge about conditional relations between kinds of perceptual properties that may aid children in forming new categories and thus in discovering new word meanings.
Young children's inductions from natural kinds: the role of categories and appearances.
The results indicate that 3- and 4-year-olds drew more inferences based on category membership than on perceptual appearances, when both were available, and children often based their inferences on category Membership even when no label was provided.
Establishing word-object relations: a first step.
This work explores how infants in the early phases of acquiring language come to establish an initial mapping between objects and their labels, and whether the presence of labeling phrases increased infants' attention to objects over and above what pointing, a powerful nonlinguistic method for directing infants' Attention, could accomplish on its own.
Early word meanings: perceptually or functionally based?
The present experiments addressed the issue of whether early word meaning is based on perceptual or functional features by presenting young children with novel objects in which perceptual and functional features varied independently.