Naming and Necessity

  title={Naming and Necessity},
  author={Saul Kripke},
I hope that some people see some connection between the two topics in the title. If not, anyway, such connections will be developed in the course of these talks. Furthermore, because of the use of tools involving reference and necessity in analytic philosophy today, our views on these topics really have wide-ranging implications for other problems in philosophy that traditionally might be thought far-removed, like arguments over the mind-body problem or the so-called ‘identity thesis… 

The Character of Natural Language Semantics

I had heard it said that Chomsky's conception of language is at odds with the truth-conditional program in semantics. Some of my friends said it so often that the point—or at least a point—finally

Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence

  • E. Lowe
  • Philosophy
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement
  • 2008
As the title of my paper suggests, in what follows I want to talk both about beings—entities that do or could exist—and about being, in the sense of essence: what Locke talks about when he says that

How to be a modal realist

I’m no modal realist myself, mind, and I don’t think you should be either. But it can be important to know how best to do something you have no intention of doing. Modal realism plays a pivotal role

Conceivability, Possibility, and the Mind-Body Problem

I want to take on the question of what a class of arguments, usually called the Conceivability Arguments, have to say about the mindbody problem. These arguments have two different versions. In one

The Myth of the Problematic De Se

There is a lot that we don’t know about the metaphysics of thoughts (propositional attitudes) and about the semantics of their ascriptions. But the received view is that there is something

Causality and the Paradox of Names

In the literature concerning the semantics of proper names, almost no attention has been paid to methodological questions, such as: What should be the formal structure of theories of reference for

Semantic Theory And Necessary Truth

A treatment of modal expressions is proposed which is available only if the recommended revision is made, and it is shown how the proposed treatment casts new light upon the relationship between necessity and apriority, and upon the concept of necessary truth itself.

Dthis and dthat: Indexicality goes beyond that

In this paper, I try to argue that the class of indexical terms in natural language goes beyond the obvious, pure, indexicals like 'I', 'Here', 'Now' etc. Specifically, I hope to show that

Rigidity, natural kind terms, and metasemantics

Book synopsis: Essentialism--roughly, the view that natural kinds have discrete essences, generating truths that are necessary but knowable only a posteriori--is an increasingly popular view in the



Counterpart Theory and Quantified Modal Logic

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Semantic Analysis

A Materialist Theory ofthe Mind, London and New York, 1968, see the discussion review

  • Philosophical Review
  • 1970