Volterra difference equations arise in the mathematical modeling of some real phenomena, and also in numerical schemes for solving differential and integral equations (cf. [7, 8] and the references therein). One of the basic methods in the theory of stability and boundedness of Volterra difference equations is the direct Lyapunov method (see [1, 3, 4] and the references therein). But finding the Lyapunov functionals for Volterra difference equations is a difficult mathematical problem. In this… CONTINUE READING