NEW INSIGHTS ON THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMICS SHAPING SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA: FROM THE PRE-UBAID TO THE EARLY ISLAMIC PERIOD

@article{Altaweel2019NEWIO,
  title={NEW INSIGHTS ON THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMICS SHAPING SOUTHERN MESOPOTAMIA: FROM THE PRE-UBAID TO THE EARLY ISLAMIC PERIOD},
  author={Mark Altaweel and Anke Marsh and Jaafar Jotheri and Carrie A. Hritz and Dominik Fleitmann and Stephanie Rost and Stephen F. Lintner and Mcguire Gibson and Matthew Bosomworth and Matthew J. Jacobson and Eduardo Garzanti and Mara Limonta and Giuditta Radeff},
  journal={Iraq},
  year={2019},
  volume={81},
  pages={23 - 46}
}
Recent fieldwork and archival sedimentary materials from southern Iraq have revealed new insights into the environment that shaped southern Mesopotamia from the pre-Ubaid (early Holocene) until the early Islamic period. These data have been combined with northern Iraqi speleothem, or stalagmite, data that have revealed relevant palaeoclimate information. The new results are investigated in light of textual sources and satellite remote sensing work. It is evident that areas south of Baghdad, and… 
Climate change and early urbanism in Southwest Asia: A review
During the Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (c. 6500–4000 BP), the Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia saw the earliest development of cities anywhere in the world. Climate and environmental
Sediment of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: an early modern perspective
Sediment deposition by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers created the physical landscape on which the civilizations of ancient Iraq evolved. Scholars in the past century have combined material with
The paleoenvironment and depositional context of the Sumerian site of Abu Tbeirah (Nasiriyah, southern Mesopotamia, Iraq)
The Sumerian culture flourished within the Tigris and Euphrates rivers floodplains and along their deltaic systems, which ca. 6000 yr were located ~250–260 km inland from the present Persian Gulf.
Southern Mesopotamia: Water and the rise of urbanism
The region of southern Mesopotamia, in modern southern Iraq, was home to perhaps the world's oldest cities and complex societies. Such cities and towns developed closely to irrigation works and other
Archaeobotanical Study of Tell Khamîs (Syria)
Tell Khamîs, an archaeological site of the Syrian region of Upper Jazeera, is 3 km east of the Euphrates and 31 km from Yarâblûs (ancient Karkemiš); archaeological excavations determined seven
A Brief History of the Origin of Domesticated Date Palms
TLDR
This chapter discusses whether date palms are domesticated, and highlights how they diverge from their wild Phoenix relatives, and review different models for the origins of domesticated date palms by highlighting sources of evidence that are either consistent or inconsistent with each model.
“Water and power”: what is left? An introduction to the workshop “Waterscapes: new perspectives on hydrocultural landscapes in the ancient Near East”
  • L. Mori
  • Environmental Science
    Water History
  • 2020
Water and its availability are among the main concerns of the contemporary world, with water crisis being recurrently mentioned among the main risks of more significant concern of our modern times in
Climate change and state evolution
TLDR
Severe droughts pushed the elites to grant strong political and property rights to the nonelites to convince them that a sufficient part of the returns on joint investments would be shared via public good provision and, thus, to cooperate and accumulate a culture of cooperation.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 96 REFERENCES
Early State Formation in Southern Mesopotamia: Sea Levels, Shorelines, and Climate Change
ABSTRACT The evolution of the earliest complex state-level societies and cities from small sedentary communities took place in southern Mesopotamia between 8000 and 5000 cal yrs BP during the ‘Ubaid
Holocene Avulsions of the Euphrates River in the Najaf Area of Western Mesopotamia: Impacts on Human Settlement Patterns
We present a study that reconstructs the ancient courses of the Euphrates in part of the Mesopotamian floodplain west and southwest of the ancient site of Babylon. The focus is on tracing
Mid- to late-Holocene archaeology, environment and climate in the northeast Kurdistan region of Iraq
This work presents new data from phytolith and speleothem analyses that cover the middle to late Holocene from northeastern Iraq in the Kurdistan region. Coupling these data with previous work, we
Holocene fluvial and anthropogenic processes in the region of Uruk in southern Mesopotamia
Holocene avulsion history of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the Mesopotamian floodplain
The present study deals with reconstruction of the ancient courses of the Tigris and the Euphrates in the Mesopotamian floodplain, which covers most of the central and southern parts of Iraq. The
The Uruk World System: The Dynamics of Expansion of Early Mesopotamian Civilization
Archaeologists and historians have long been keenly interested in the emergence of early cities and states in the ancient Near East, particularly in the growth of early Sumerian civilization in the
Late Holocene droughts in the Fertile Crescent recorded in a speleothem from northern Iraq
Droughts have had large impacts on past and present societies. High‐resolution paleoclimate data are essential to place recent droughts in a meaningful historical context and to predict regional
Ancient Mesopotamia at the Dawn of Civilization: The Evolution of an Urban Landscape
The alluvial lowlands of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southern Mesopotamia are widely known as the 'cradle of civilization' owing to the scale of the processes of urbanization that had taken
Revisiting the Sealands: Report of Preliminary Ground Reconnaissance in the Hammar District, Dhi Qar and Basra Governorates, Iraq1
The flourit of early Sumerian civilization in southern Iraq marked a degree of economic differentiation, sociopolitical complexity, and urbanization previously unseen in the ancient world. This
...
...