author={Perianayagam Arokiasamy and Abhishek Gautam},
  journal={Journal of Biosocial Science},
  pages={183 - 201}
Summary In India, the eight socioeconomically backward states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh, referred to as the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states, lag behind in the demographic transition and have the highest infant mortality rates in the country. Neonatal mortality constitutes about 60% of the total infant mortality in India and is highest in the EAG states. This study assesses the levels and trends in neonatal mortality… 
Determinants of neonatal mortality in rural India, 2007–2008
Background. Despite the growing share of neonatal mortality in under-5 mortality in the recent decades in India, most studies have focused on infant and child mortality putting neonatal mortality on
The contribution of district prioritization on maternal and newborn health interventions coverage in rural India
The district prioritization in India is associated with greater improvements in the coverage of maternal and newborn health services in EAG states and the HPDs, including reductions in inequalities within those states and districts.
Determinants of neonatal mortality in Pakistan: secondary analysis of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2006–07
To reduce neonatal mortality, there is a need to implement interventions focusing on antenatal care, effective referral system and retraining of healthcare providers to manage delivery complications and smaller than average birth size babies in resource poor communities of Pakistan.
Determinants of neonatal mortality in Nigeria: evidence from the 2008 demographic and health survey
This study suggests that the Nigerian government needs to invest more in the healthcare system to ensure quality care for women and newborns and community-based intervention is also required to reduce avoidable neonatal deaths.
Differential and Determinants of Neonatal Mortality: A Comparative Study in Northern and Southern Regions of India
  • K. K. Patel, Mukesh Kumar
  • Medicine
    Indian journal of community medicine : official publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine
  • 2021
Primary intervention is also required to reduce public health problem as neonatal mortality and should be focused on education of mother, birth interval, age at birth, antenatal care, poverty reduction programs, and proper heath facility to pregnant mothers.
Rates and determinants of neonatal mortality in two rural sub-districts of Sylhet, Bangladesh
Public health programs in Bangladesh need to adopt a comprehensive strategy to address the individual, maternal, and intrapartum factors associated with neonatal mortality in rural regions to implement evidence-based programs.
Socioeconomic and Geographical Disparities in Under-Five and Neonatal Mortality in Uttar Pradesh, India
Despite the slow but steady reduction of absolute levels of childhood mortality within Uttar Pradesh, the distribution of the mortality by sub-state populations remains unequal and the gap between rich and poor households has decreased in both urban and rural areas, trends suggest that differences in mortality will remain.
Equity in coverage of maternal and newborn care in India: evidence from a nationally representative survey.
The findings from this study inform the policymakers and planners about the socio-economic inequity existing across various maternal and child health indicators in India to help them in making informed decisions and strengthen the maternal andChild health programme in this country.
Determinants and Causes of Neonatal Mortality in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis of Prospective Follow Up Study
High status of neonatal mortality in the study area is revealed and individual level variables related to care during pregnancy, intra-partum complications and care, neonatal conditions and the immediate neonatal care practices were identified as determinant factors.
Neonatal mortality in Ethiopia: trends and determinants
Neonatal mortality must decline more rapidly to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target for under-5 mortality in Ethiopia and require a multifaceted approach that encompasses health-related and other measures.


Factors associated with trends in infant and child mortality in developing countries during the 1990s.
  • S. Rutstein
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Bulletin of the World Health Organization
  • 2000
This study confirms that trends in mortality during the 1990s were related to more than just a handful of variables and it would, therefore, be a mistake to concentrate policy actions on one or a few of these while forsaking others.
High Infant and Child Mortality Rates in Orissa: An Assessment of Major Reasons
The results demonstrate that the major contributors to the high infant and child mortality rates are the extremely low levels of health sector investments and the associated quality of care.
Reducing child mortality in India in the new millennium.
The present study documents the slowing decline in infant mortality rates in india; a departure from the longer-term trends.
The decline in child mortality: a reappraisal.
The present paper examines, describes and documents country-specific trends in under-five mortality rates (i.e., mortality among children under five years of age) in the 1990s, and identifies countries and WHO regions where sustained improvement has occurred and those where setbacks are evident.
Cause-specific mortality in under fives in the urban slums of Lucknow, north India.
It is concluded that stillbirths and neonatal mortality can be reduced by improved antenatal and natal care and interventions to improve the nutritional status of preschool children can reduce this in the postnatal period.
The evolution of child health programmes in developing countries: from targeting diseases to targeting people.
New strategies are needed to complete the unfinished agenda of improving child health globally, and greater emphasis should be placed on promoting those household behaviours that are not dependent on the performance of health systems.
Infant and Child Mortality
POLITICAL economists are generally agreed that, if a country is to be prosperous and to maintain its place among- the nations, its population must substantially and progressively increase. Two
'The state of the world's children'.
Unless urgent improvements in protecting fetal and infant brains can be achieved in both rich and poor countries, developmental-behavioral disorders will emerge by the 21st century as an overriding health issue in many areas of the world.