NATO enlargement and US foreign policy: the origins, durability, and impact of an idea

  title={NATO enlargement and US foreign policy: the origins, durability, and impact of an idea},
  author={J. Shifrinson},
  journal={International Politics},
  • J. Shifrinson
  • Published 2020
  • Political Science
  • International Politics
Since the Cold War, NATO enlargement has moved from a contentious issue in US foreign policy debates to an accepted plank in US strategy. What explains this development—why has support for enlargement become a focal point in US foreign policy? After first reviewing US policy toward NATO enlargement, this article evaluates a range of hypotheses from international relations theory and policy deliberations that might explain the trend. It finds that no one factor explains the United States… Expand
2 Citations
Evaluating NATO enlargement: scholarly debates, policy implications, and roads not taken
NATO’s enlargement into Central and Eastern Europe after the Cold War is the subject of significant debate in academic and policy circles. With few exceptions, however, this debate focuses on singleExpand
The overlooked importance of economics: why the Bush Administration wanted NATO enlargement
ABSTRACT This paper shows that, during 1991–1992, the George H.W. Bush Administration settled to pursue NATO enlargement in order to ensure both stability in and influence over Europe. Both wereExpand


Eastbound and down: The United States, NATO enlargement, and suppressing the Soviet and Western European alternatives, 1990–1992
ABSTRACT When and why did the United States first contemplate NATO’s enlargement into Eastern Europe? Existing research generally portrays U.S. backing for NATO enlargement as a product of the policyExpand
Why NATO Enlargement Does Not Spread Democracy
  • D. Reiter
  • Political Science
  • International Security
  • 2001
The debate over the costs and beneats of enlarging the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) that preceded the March 1999 inclusion of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic retains policyExpand
NATO’s Open Door Policy and the Next Round of Enlargement
When Bill Clinton became President of the United States in 1993, policymakers and analysts alike questioned NATO's importance and relevance in the post-Cold War world. [1] Without the agreed-uponExpand
Why America's Grand Strategy Has Not Changed: Power, Habit, and the U.S. Foreign Policy Establishment
  • P. Porter
  • Political Science
  • International Security
  • 2018
Why has U.S. grand strategy persisted since the end of the Cold War? Despite shocks such as the 2008 global financial crisis and the costs of the war in Iraq—circumstances that ought to haveExpand
NATO Enlargement post-1989: Successful Adaptation or Decline?
Abstract NATO enlargement after the cold war contributed to the democratic transformation of post-communist states. It failed, however, to generate a larger consensus on the shared mission and toExpand
Not Whether But When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO
How did Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic become the newest members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization? Based on interviews conducted with more than 75 individuals --from CabinetExpand
NATO after the Cold War, 1991–1995: Institutional Competition and the Collapse of the French Alternative
With the end of the Cold War, opportunities long foreclosed to Europe came back into view on the horizon. The prospect of Western Europe providing for its own security became a realistic propositionExpand
Why Western Europe Needs the United States and NATO
The rich, industrialized, democratic, northern states, we are told, have entered a new era in their relations with one another. These states-meaning the United States, Canada, Western Europe, theExpand
NATO enlargement after the first round
At the Washington Summit in April, NATO will formally admit three new members: Hungary, Poland, and the Czech Republic. Together with the future enlargement of the European Union, the integration ofExpand
Deal or No Deal? The End of the Cold War and the U.S. Offer to Limit NATO Expansion
Did the United States promise the Soviet Union during the 1990 negotiations on German reunification that NATO would not expand into Eastern Europe? Since the end of the Cold War, an array ofExpand