author={Weston La Barre},
  journal={American Anthropologist},
  • W. L. Barre
  • Published 6 April 1938
  • History
  • American Anthropologist
Although conservative opinion would consider the contended aboriginality of New World distilled liquors as yet undemonstrated, there is ample evidence of the wide distribution both in North and in South America of native undistilled alcoholic liquors, or beers and wines. Since the plant-substances of which these are made vary considerably, and since the usage of terms has sometimes been rather loose, we define these terms before discussing the distribution of the liquors themselves. 
New wines and beers of native North America.
  • C. Feest
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of ethnopharmacology
  • 1983
Evidence available suggests, not unexpectedly, that native production had amajor effect on the cultural position of drinking in native societies (Feest,1978), and that the wine made by the Pima and Papago out of the fruits of several cacti is the only pre-European alcoholic drink north of the Mexican border. Expand
American Indian and Alaska native aboriginal use of alcohol in the United States.
  • P. Abbott
  • Medicine
  • American Indian and Alaska native mental health research : journal of the National Center
  • 1996
Alcohol beverages prior to White contact originated with the Mayan and the Aztec Nations and spread to the American Indians of the Southwest. Surprisingly, there are a number of accounts of alcoholExpand
“Drinking Beer in a Blissful Mood”
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Abstract Edible foam is held in particularly high esteem in Mesoamerica, and in certain instances, even considered sacred. Based on “observational” rather than “cultural” logic, this paper suggestsExpand
Chicha maize types and chicha manufacture in Peru
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Native Americans and Alcohol: a Preliminary Annotated Bibliography
Alcohol use and abuse is widespread among Native Americans. As a result, much research has focused on this topic. To date, however, no comprehensive compilation of the literature exists. This articleExpand
Carnegiea gigantea: The saguaro and its uses
The saguaro,Carnegiea gigantea, is a tall cactus native to the desert area of southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. It has been used for centuries among the Indians of the region as a sourceExpand
Chemical residue evidence in Leon Plain pottery from the Toyah phase (1300–1650 CE) in the American Southern Plains
Abstract Archaeological remains from the Toyah Phase (1300-1650 CE), prior to Spanish colonization of the American Southern Plains in central and south Texas, suggest that foraging indigenous peoplesExpand
Mexico possessed and still possesses many plant narcotics and intoxicants, of which a few are outstanding in their uses and are extremely interesting because of their great antiquity as well as because of the important bearing their use, distribution and history may have on questions of a theoretical nature. Expand
Old and new world narcotics: A statistical question and an ethnological reply
As early as 1963, Richard Evans Schultes wrote (1): "It is of interest that the New World is very much richer in narcotic plants than the Old and that the New World boasts at least 40 species ofExpand