N-Glycosylation Fingerprinting of Viral Glycoproteins by xCGE-LIF.
The ongoing threat of pathogens, increasing resistance against antibiotics, and the risk of fast spreading of infectious diseases in a global community resulted in an intensified development of vaccines. Antigens used for vaccination comprise a wide variety of macromolecules including glycoproteins, lipopolysaccharides, and complex carbohydrates. For all of these antigens the sugar composition plays a crucial role for immunogenicity and protective efficacy of the vaccine. Here, we provide a protocol for N-glycosylation fingerprinting utilizing high performance multiplexed capillary gel electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (xCGE-LIF) technology. The method described, enables to analyze the N-glycosylation of specific proteins out of a complex sample or even the total of all N-glycans contained in such a sample. The protocol is exemplarily demonstrated for N-glycosylation fingerprinting of cell culture-derived influenza A and B viruses and their major antigens, the membrane glycoproteins hemagglutinin and neuraminidase.