Myths of military revolution: European expansion and Eurocentrism

@article{Sharman2018MythsOM,
  title={Myths of military revolution: European expansion and Eurocentrism},
  author={Jason Campbell Sharman},
  journal={European Journal of International Relations},
  year={2018},
  volume={24},
  pages={491 - 513}
}
  • J. Sharman
  • Published 1 September 2018
  • History, Political Science, Economics
  • European Journal of International Relations
This article critiques explanations of the rise of the West in the early modern period premised on the thesis that military competition drove the development of gunpowder technology, new tactics, and the Westphalian state, innovations that enabled European trans-continental conquests. Even theories in International Relations and other fields that posit economic or social root causes of Western expansion often rely on this “military revolution” thesis as a crucial intervening variable. Yet, the… 

Tables from this paper

How did ‘Eurocentrism’ assume the status of a Euro-North American theory of human history that privileges the Greek–Roman classical world as the cradle of human civilisation in the process overshadowing the reality of Africa as the certified cradle of humankind?
History may be defined as the authenticated record of man’s activities and achievements. It is not a complete record, for there are many gaps in our knowledge of the past. There is also present an
From Thucydides to 1648: The “Missing” Years in IR and the Missing Voices in World History
International relations (IR) defines itself as a discipline by adhering to a Westphalian narrative centered on 1648. The following paper argues that IR should broaden its engagement with history to
“The Decline of the West”: What Is It, and Why Might It Matter?
The international order created under the auspices of “American hegemony” appears to be unraveling during the erratic and nationalistic leadership of Donald Trump, and the growing geopolitical and
Territorial sovereignty and the end of inter-cultural diplomacy along the “Southern frontier”
  • C. Schulz
  • Political Science, History
    European Journal of International Relations
  • 2018
European politics at the turn of the 19th century saw a dramatic reduction in the number and diversity of polities as the territorial nation-state emerged as the dominant form of political

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 114 REFERENCES
The Military Superiority Thesis and the Ascendancy of Western Eurasia in the World System
The military superiority thesis contends that the key to the ascendancy of western Europe as the world's predominant region was its edge in military technology. Thanks to intensive regional warfare
War and the State in Early Modern Europe: Spain, the Dutch Republic and Sweden as Fiscal-Military States
The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries saw many ambitious European rulers develop permanent armies and navies. War and the State in Early Modern Europe examines this military change as a central
War, the Military Revolution(s) Controversy, and Army Expansion
One school of thought on European state making argues that discontinuous change in weapons and tactics led to the expansion of armies, and, therefore, states. Others argue that decision makers
Rethinking the Origins of British India: State Formation and Military-fiscal Undertakings in an Eighteenth Century World Region*
Abstract This paper discusses the rise of the East India Company in the contested political world of eighteenth century India, with reference to the manner in which economic power was deployed to
Western Arms in Maritime Asia in the Early Phases of Expansion
To a general reading public the history of the European empires still seems to be virtually synonymous with their military power and with stories of battles in tropical climes; by contrast, academic
How Did the West Usurp the Rest? Origins of the Great Divergence over the Longue Durée
Abstract Traditional explanations of the “rise of the West” have located the sources of Western supremacy in structural or long-term developmental factors internal to Europe. By contrast, revisionist
A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire
The Kingdom of Portugal was created as a by-product of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. With no geographical raison d’être and no obvious roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it long
International Order in Diversity: War, Trade and Rule in the Indian Ocean
International relations scholars typically expect political communities to resemble one another the more they are exposed to pressures of war, economic competition and the spread of hegemonic
Why Did Europe Conquer the World
Between 1492 and 1914, Europeans conquered 84 percent of the globe. But why did Europe rise to the top, when for centuries the Chinese, Japanese, Ottomans, and South Asians were far more advanced?
Beyond Globalization: Capitalism, Territoriality and the International Relations of Modernity
Introduction: from the International to the Global? 1. The Limits of Society: State-centrism and the International Relations of Modernity 2. Theorists of the Superstructure: From Gramsci to Althusser
...
...