Myopia and refractive error in dogs.

@article{Murphy1992MyopiaAR,
  title={Myopia and refractive error in dogs.},
  author={Christopher J. Murphy and Karla Zadnik and Mark J. Mannis},
  journal={Investigative ophthalmology & visual science},
  year={1992},
  volume={33 8},
  pages={
          2459-63
        }
}
The refractive error of 240 phakic dogs of various breeds was measured using streak retinoscopy and averaged (-0.27 +/- 1.41 D relative to infinity). Analysis by breed showed that the German Shepherd, Rottweiler, and Miniature Schnauzer breeds had an increased prevalence of myopia with an average refractive error of -0.86 +/- 1.31 D, -1.77 +/- 1.84 D, and -0.66 +/- 1.05 D, respectively. Myopia also was found in older dogs with marked nuclear sclerosis of the crystalline lens. Fifty-three… CONTINUE READING

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